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  • Author or Editor: Michaela Vrabcová x
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Experimental and clinical studies have shown alterations in activity of systems responsible for neuroendocrine stress response in obese individuals. Therefore we investigated the effect of palatable normocaloric liquid nutrition (Fresubin) on alterations in activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in male Wistar rats of different developmental stages. Control rats (CON) received standard pellet chow all the time from weaning (21st day of age) to 150 days. Fresubin was administered throughout the experiment (LN), only in juvenility (from 21st to 90th day of age; LNJ) or only in adulthood (from 90th to 150th day of age; LNA). Body weight and energy intake were periodically monitored. Adrenal gland and fat tissue weight and plasma corticosterone levels (CORT) was determined after sacrification. Fresubin intake induced obesity in LN and LNA rats. In LN and LNA rats were observed elevated serum CORT levels, but only in LN rats with significant twofold increase compared to LNJ rats. However, the weight of adrenal glands did not differ between LN, LNJ and LNA experimental groups. Based on our results, we suggest, that obesity induced by Fresubin in LN and LNA rats is accompanied by increased HPA activity represented by elevated plasma CORT levels in these rats.

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The renin—angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the development of hypertension and has serious consequences on behaviour. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of hypertension, induced by up-regulated RAS, on the exploration, anxiety-related behaviour and object recognition in laboratory rats. In the experiment, 12 weeks old normotensive Sprague-Dawley (SD) and hypertensive TGR(mREN2)27 (TGR) male rats with up-regulated RAS were used. In the open-field test, the TGR rats were less active in ambulating, rearing and sniffing and more active in self-grooming and urinating than SD ones. In the elevated plus-maze test, the TGR rats showed lower frequency of total arm entries, closed arm entries and higher frequency of defecation than in controls. In the emergence test, TGR rats did not show significant differences. In the novel object recognition task, the TGR rats spent less time with exploration of both familiar and unfamiliar objects but preferred the novel object over the familiar one and exhibited higher percentage of the total exploring time spent with novel object exploration than SD rats. Our results indicate that the TGR rats are less actively exploring, show some modifications of emotional/anxiety-related behavior and exhibited better recognition abilities.

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