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  • Author or Editor: Mihály Péter x
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After a short survey of the poet's biography, the author points out a kind of cosmic pessimism as the philosophical root of Tyutchev's poetry. Tyutchev considered the gloomy and unfathomed Chaos to be the primordial principle of the Universe opposed by the harmony and splendour of Nature. In his view Chaos is also inherent in Man: it is the nocturnal part of our soul that hides our unconscious and shady strivings; accordingly, love is often marked in his poems as a ruining and murderous passion. Tyutchev's poetry appears as a grandiose arch spanning the main trends of Russian (and not only Russian) literature from the 18th century to our time. His works display certain congenial traits not only to symbolism, but also to expressionism and to the doctrine of existentialism. Many of his verses resound with the widespread atmosphere of our days marked by an anxious foreboding of the threatening Chaos.

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The рарег attempts а comparative analysis of five poems about insomnia written bу eminent Russian poets through the interval of 125 years. Performed on the rhythmic, phonic, syntactic, lexical and stylistic 1evels, the analysis displays the “narrowness of poetic space”: over and above their individual character, аll the five poems аrе based upon the Puškinian poetic principles, i.е. on the functional synthesis of different stylistic layers, the “architectonic” arrangement of phonic devices, and others. At the same time, the peculiar mental state of insomnia bringing to the surface some essential (mostly harassing or anxious) thoughts and feelings of the sleepless subject, the poems reveal deep-rooted elements of the authors' vision of the world.

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We analyze the determinants of capital structure and its choice by small and medium-sized enterprises in Central and Eastern Europe from 2002 to 2007. We test the relevance of the three main theories: the Static Trade-off Theory, the Pecking Order Theory, and the Agency Theory, which have been derived primarily for developed markets, because our knowledge on their validity for emerging European countries is limited. We confirm the positive impact of size and asset tangibility on the leverage, while rejecting both the positive impact of profitability and tax, as well as the negative impact of business risk and non-debt tax shields. We report that SMEs behave homogeneously, and the relevant capital structure determinants show remarkable steadiness. Our results show a special time varying behaviour, in which the relevant determinants become stronger, while most of the country-specific factors present weakening effects. We argue that firms of the CEE countries remarkably converged their financial decision-making procedure to that of developed countries through the investigated period. The relevance of the Trade-off Theory is weak, as firms respect a one-sided upper threshold rather than converging to a fixed target on both sides, while they are not indifferent to the hierarchy of financing alternatives.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Mihály Fücsek, Ágnes Kelemen, and Péter Jakabos

A szerzők Pseudomonas aeruginosa okozta akut jobb oldali mastoiditis, sepsis következtében kialakult kétoldali otitis externa necrotica (maligna) gyógyult esetét ismertetik öt hónapos csecsemőn. Azonnal elvégzett mastoidectomia, célzott antibakteriális és intenzív helyi kezelések ellenére mindkét oldali hallójáratbőr külső kétharmada körkörösen nekrotizált, kilökődött, illetve ismételt necrectomia során távolították el. A gyulladásos tünetek megszűnése után sikeres kétoldali hallójárat-plasztikát végeztek. A betegség kezdetekor kialakult jobb oldali perifériás facialis paresis változatlan maradt. Két hónapos kezelés után maradványtünetekkel gyógyult. A kivizsgálás során sem immunhiány, sem cukorbetegség nem igazolódott.

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Hungarian soccer and sponsorship market is a relatively new and unexplored subject of research in the field of sports sponsorship in view of the fact that most studies have focused on the major European soccer leagues so far. This paper focuses on the Hungarian soccer sponsorship market, which gives a variety of comparisons to other studies (Chadwick — Thwaites 2005; Couvelaere — Richelieu 2005; Bühler 2006) on soccer sponsorship focusing on the major soccer markets. A comprehensive overview of current literature on sport sponsorship in general, and soccer sponsorship in particular provided the theoretical base for this study, revealing that this specific research theme has little empirical evidence. Two issues repeatedly brought up by researchers as being important are the sponsoring companies’ objectives, and measuring the return on investment. The main objective of this paper, focusing on the Hungarian soccer sponsorship market, is to evaluate the range of soccer sponsorship objectives and the range of evaluation tools that sponsors use to measure the effectiveness of their sponsorships. The representatives of sponsor companies (N = 103) were asked to rate the importance of sponsorship objectives and the importance of the evaluation techniques which are used to measure the effectiveness of their soccer sponsorships.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Mihály Molnár, László Palcsu, István Futó, Éva Svingor, Zoltán Major, Mihály Veres, Péter Ormai, and István Barnabás

Abstract  

To obtain reliable estimates of the quantities and rates of the gas production in L/ILW a series of measurements was carried in the last 7 years in Hungary. The typical gas production rates were 0.05–0.2 STP litre gas/day for CO2 and CH4 generation, and less for H2. No explosive gas mixture was indicated in the L/ILW drums during the investigated storage period. Compositions of headspace gases in closed L/ILW vaults were in agreement with gas generation processes observed in L/ILW drums. The stable carbon isotope measurements show that the main source of the CO2 gas is the degradation of organic matter and indicates microbial degradation processes as the main sources of CH4. Typical tritium activity concentrations were <10 Bq/l gas in the drums and <1,000 Bq/l gas in the vaults. Typical 14C activity values of the headspace gases were <2.0 Bq/l gas in the drums and <1,000 Bq/l gas in the vaults.

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors: Péter Harasztosi, Mihály Szívós, Gyöngyi Csuka, and Bernadett Kovács
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High concentration of naturally-occurring arsenic in groundwater poses a significant risk to human health if this water is a drinking water resource. Chronic arsenic ingestion has been linked mainly to skin cancer, and a wide variety of non-cancer health impacts. Research conducted in Hungary shows that there is an excessive risk of arsenic-related diseases in populations consuming water that exceeds the 10 microgram/liter limit value. It is therefore important to understand the significance of reduction of arsenic concentration in drinking water and the size of the exposed population.

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Absztrakt:

A központilag koordinált vesecsereprogramokban krónikus vesebetegek cserélhetik el immunológiailag inkompatibilis élődonorjaikat egymással. Az ENCKEP (European Network for Collaboration on Kidney Exchange Programmes) COST Action 2016 szeptemberében kezdte meg működését, és azóta a nemzetközi kutatóhálózatnak sikerült feltárnia, hogy miként működnek a vesecsereprogramok Európában. Ezen tanulmány célja az ENCKEP COST Action eredményeinek összefoglalása és a tervezett hazai vesecsereprogramra nézve a tanulságok levonása. A COST Action számos workshopot tartott, illetve az első munkacsoportja két európai felmérést szervezett, amelyek eredményeit két kézikönyvben összegezte; ezeket az ismereteket dolgozza fel tanulmányunk. Európában jelenleg 10 országban működnek nemzeti vesecsereprogramok, a legrégebbi Hollandiában (2004 óta) és a legnagyobb az Egyesült Királyságban, ahol az elmúlt 10 évben több mint 700 vesét transzplantáltak a program keretében. Több ország jelenleg tervezi a nemzeti vesecsereprogram elindítását, illetve nemzetközi együttműködések is szerveződnek. A nemzeti vesecsereprogramok nagymértékben növelik a vesebetegek lehetőségeit az élődonoros átültetésre, de egy hatékony program létrehozásának érdekében számos orvosi, logisztikai, optimalizálási, etikai és jogi kérdést kell sikeresen megoldaniuk a szervezőknek. Orv Hetil. 2018; 159(46): 1905–1912.

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