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  • Author or Editor: Mihaela D. Lazar x
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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors: Viorel Chihaia, Karl Sohlberg, Monica Dan, Maria Mihet, Alexandru R. Biris, Petru Marginean, Valer Almasan, George Borodi, Fumiya Watanabe, Alexandru S. Biris, and Mihaela D. Lazar

Abstract

The effect of Ag (1 wt%) and Au (1 wt%) on the catalytic properties of Ni/Al2O3 (7 wt% Ni) for methane steam reforming (MSR) was studied in parallel with the effect of CeO2 (6 wt%) and La2O3 (6 wt%) addition. The addition of 1 wt% Ag to the alumina supported nickel catalyst drastically decreased its catalytic properties at temperatures lower than 600 °C, due to the blockage of metal catalytic centers by silver deposition. The addition of Au and CeO2 (La2O3) to the nickel catalyst improved the methane conversion, CO2 selectivity and hydrogen production at low reaction temperatures (t < 600 °C). At 700 °C under our working conditions, the additives have no important effect in hydrogen production by MSR. The best hydrogen production at low temperatures was obtained for Ni–Au/Al2O3, due to the higher CO2 selectivity, cumulated with slightly higher methane conversion in comparison with Ni/CeO2–Al2O3. At high temperature, Ni/CeO2–Al2O3 is stable for 48 h on stream. Ni–Au/Al2O3 and Ni–Ag/Al2O3 are mainly deactivated due to the temperature effect on Au and Ag nanoparticles and less through coke formation. On Ni/Al2O3 and Ni/La2O3–Al2O3, crystalline, graphitic carbon was deposited after 48 h of reaction leading to catalyst partial deactivation. On the Ni/CeO2–Al2O3 surface, a porous amorphous form of deposited carbon was found, which does not decrease its catalytic activity after 48 h of reaction.

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Acta Biologica Hungarica
Authors: Irma Tari, D. Camen, Giancarla Coradini, Jolán Csiszár, Erika Fediuc, Katalin Gémes, A. Lazar, E. Madosa, Sorina Mihacea, P. Poor, Simona Postelnicu, Mihaela Staicu, Ágnes Szepesi, G. Nedelea, and L. Erdei

Drought resistance of bean landraces was compared in order to select genotypes with either high morphological or high biochemical-physiological plasticity. The lines in the former group exhibited fast reduction in fresh and dry mass, decreased the water potential in primary leaves after irrigation withdrawal and the biomass mobilized from the senescent primary leaves was allocated into the roots. These genotypes had high frequency of primary leaf abscission under water stress. The genotypes with plasticity at the biochemical level maintained high water potential and photochemical efficiency, i.e. effective quantum yield, high photochemical (qP) and low non-hotochemical (NPQ) quenching in primary leaves under drought stress. While superoxide dismutase activity was not influenced by the drought and the genotype, catalase activity increased significantly in the primary leaves of the genotypes with efficient biochemical adaptation. Lines with high morphological plasticity exhibited higher quaiacol peroxidase activity under drought. Proline may accumulate in both cases, thus it may be a symptom of protein degradation or a successful osmotic adaptation. On the basis of contrasting responses, the genetic material cannot be screened for a large-scale breeding program by a single physiological parameter but by a set of the methods presented in this work.

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