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Abstract

The main goal of this study is firstly to model the phenomenon of advection and diffusion of the gaseous residues of coal combustion. On the other hand, to study the dispersion of this pollution by varying the parameters like the wind and the resources of pollution, where there are four emissions: SO2, CO, NO2 and PM10. The present model will compare estimating concentrations with the results found by the contribution of the thermal power plant of Jerada city, where the American Environmental Regulatory Model is used. The results suggest that SO2, PM10, NO2 and CO concentration simulated by turbulent k-ε model in combination with the transport model of diluted species, at the 3h and 24h intervals, greater than their respective observed concentrations compared with the American Environmental Regulatory Model. The concentrations of the model found are very high and exceed the limit values under the study conditions. Indeed, the simulated model was used in 2D with a very low wind speed (10−4 m/s) and in the absence of gravity, hence the total neglect of altitude because the two sources of pollution are at the height of 120 m.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Yahya Fall
,
Mimoun Chourak
,
Seif-Eddine Cherif
,
Mahjoub Himi
, and
Mohammed Rougui

Concrete is the most commonly used material in civil engineering, given its economic cost and ease of manufacture. Its strength depends on the characteristics of its constituents. A good mix makes it possible to build solid, durable and economical structures. The present work aims to characterize the gravel of the Eastern region (quarry of eastern Morocco) by granulometric analysis and water absorption. Then, the studied gravel is used to produce three types of concrete (B20, B25 and B30), which were assessed in terms of water absorption and compressive strength. The last step is to study the effect of an adjuvant, more specifically a water reducer, on mechanical characteristics of local concrete. B25 concrete was chosen for the last step since it is the most used type in the region. Results show that adding a water reducer adjuvant, in this case ‘Chrysoplast’, can improve the compressive strength of concrete if the percentage added is accurately determined.

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