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  • Author or Editor: Mohini Sain x
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Abstract  

The thermal behavior of modified starches (MS) produced by biosynthetic pathway is described based on a comparative analysis with native starches (NS). MS were produced by fermentation in presence of Ophiostoma spp. cultures. Thermogravimetric analysis (TG) with successive derivatives (DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used for this study. NS results showed a single peak dominating both the TG (DTG) and DSC plots. A double thermal transition event was detected in samples of MS. The procedural decomposition temperature (T iT f; lowest onset temperature of initial and final mass change) was carried out within a narrow interval of temperatures for NS (610–640 °C). This interval could not be reached within the 1,000 °C range in MS. Residues higher than 10% were recorded for MS at this temperature. The presence of the double thermal transition in MS is discussed.

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Abstract

Thermal properties of polylactic acid (PLA) filled with Fe-modified cellulose long fibers (CLF) and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) were studied using thermo gravimetric analysis (TG), differential scanning calorimetry, and dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). The Fe-modified CLFs and MCCs were compared with unmodified samples to study the effect of modification with Fe on electrical conductivity. Results from TG showed that the degradation temperature was higher for all composites when compared to the pure PLA and that the PLA composites filled with unmodified celluloses resulted in the best thermal stability. No comparable difference was found in glass transition temperature (T g) and melting temperature (T m) between pure PLA and Fe-modified and unmodified CLF- and MCC-based PLA biocomposites. DMA results showed that the storage modulus in glassy state was increased for the biocomposites when compared to pure PLA. The results obtained from a femtostat showed that electrical conductivity of Fe-modified CLF and MCC samples were higher than that of unmodified samples, thus indicating that the prepared biocomposites have potential uses where conductive biopolymers are needed. These modified fibers can also be tailored for fiber orientation in a matrix when subjected to a magnetic field.

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