Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: N. Akhtar x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

Wheat is staple food of the people of Pakistan. Phosphate fertilizers, used to increase the yield of wheat, enhance the natural radioactivity in the agricultural fields from where radionuclides are transferred to wheat grain. A study was, therefore, carried out to investigate the uptake of radioactivity by wheat grain and to determine radiation doses received by human beings from the intake of foodstuffs made of wheat grain. Wheat was grown in a highly fertilized agricultural research farm at the Nuclear Institute of Agriculture and Biology (NIAB), Faisalabad, Pakistan. The activity concentration of 40K, 226Ra and 232Th was measured in soil, single superphosphate (SSP) fertilizer, and wheat grain using an HPGe-based gamma-ray spectrometer. Soil to wheat grain transfer factors determined for 40K, 226Ra and 232Th were 0.118 ± 0.021, 0.022 ± 0.004 and 0.036 ± 0.007, respectively, and the annual effective dose received by an adult person from the intake of wheat products was estimated to be 217 μSv.

Restricted access

Summary

A simple, selective, precise, accurate, and cost-effective thin-layer chromatographic (TLC) method for analysis of psoralen in different brands of babchi (Psoralea corylifolia) oil has been developed and validated. Aluminium TLC plates precoated with silica gel 60F254 were used as the stationary phase and n-hexane-acetone-formic acid 2:1:0.025 (v/v) as mobile phase. A compact, resolved psoralen peak (R F value 0.32 ± 0.02) was observed by densitometric analysis in absorbance mode at 250 nm. Calibration data revealed a good linear relationship (r 2 = 0.9956) between peak area and concentration in the range 20–200 ng per spot. Mean ± SD values of slope and intercept were 11.35 ± 0.36 and 14.64 ± 0.31, respectively. Statistical analysis proved the method to be a repeatable, selective, and accurate means of estimation of psoralen in different brands of babchi oil.

Open access

Summary

Formaldehyde in aquatic products was determined by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) after derivatization with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. Separation was carried out at 25 °C and 25 kV, using a fused silica capillary (75 µ internal diameter; 50.5 cm effective length) and an ultraviolet detector set at 360 nm. The optimal background electrolyte was 20 mM sodium tetraborate and 20 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate at pH 9.0 with 3 s hydrodynamic injection at 30 mbar. Electrophoretic analysis took approximately 6.5 min. The correlation coefficient of the calibration curve was 0.999 over the concentration range 2.0–100.0 mg L−1, and the LOD and LOQ values were 0.57 and 1.89 µg mL−1, respectively. The recoveries were from 83.7% to 97.2% with steam distillation as the sample pretreatment method.

Open access