The substoichiometric method is applied to simple radiometric analysis. Two methods-the standard reagent method and the standard
sample method-are proposed. The validity of the principle of the methods is verified experimentally in the determination of
silver by the precipitation method, or of zinc by the ion-exchange or solvent-extraction method. The proposed methods are
simple and rapid compared with the conventional superstoichiometric method.
Some water-soluble organic iodine compounds (aqueous solution) can be analyzed for iodine by isotopically exchanging with labelled elementary iodine (organic solution). The method is applicable to exchange systems in which the rate of the exchange is rather small but measurable, before the exchange equilibrium is attained. The iodine content of iodoaromatic amino acids such as 5-iodouracil and 3,5-diiodotyrosine can be determined within an error of ±4%.
A new type of the isotope exchange method of analysis is proposed. The method can be applied to the exchange system in which
the rate of the exchange reaction is rather slow but measurable, before the exchange equilibrium is attained. The validity
of the principle of the method is verified experimentally with several exchange systems of RyI+KI*⇌RyI*+KI (RyI stands for alkyl, alkylene or benzyl iodide) type. The iodine content of the organic iodine compounds can be determined
with an error of ±4%.
In certain conditions Campylobacter jejuni cells are capable of changing their cell shape from a typically spiral to a coccoid form (CF). By similarity to other bacteria, the latter was initially considered to be a viable but non-culturable form capable of survival in unfavourable conditions. However, subsequent studies with C. jejuni and closely related bacteria Helicobacter pylori suggested that CF represents a non-viable, degenerative form. Until now, the issue on whether the CF of C. jejuni is viable and infective is highly controversial. Despite some preliminary experiments on characterization of CF cells, neither biochemical mechanisms nor genetic determinants involved in C. jejuni cell shape changes have been characterized. In this review, we highlight known molecular mechanisms and genes involved in CF formation in other bacteria. Since orthologous genes are also present in C. jejuni, we suggest that CF formation in these bacteria is also a regulated and genetically determined process. A possible significance of CF in the lifestyle of this important bacterial pathogen is discussed.
The retentions of cobalt, copper and zinc recoils were studied in the mixed crystal system of -cobalt phthalocyanine and -zinc phthalocyanine. It was suggested that a part of the retentions of cobalt and zinc recoils was due to a competitive process. The relationship between the retentions of the zinc recoils and their recoil energy in different matrices was discussed.
The activation of indium by gamma-ray source through absorption of photons of resonance energy and the threshold energy (appearance
energy) determination in indium compounds as well as some results of hot atom chemistry studies of indium compounds and of
implantation with indium ions are described.
Authors:H. Shoji, Y. Maruyama, K. Ogawa, Y. Oki, and N. Ikeda
A series of metal -diketonates were irradiated with bremsstrahlung of maximum energy of 50 MeV and the recoil behavior of7Be, formed from12C of ligands through12C(, n)7Be reaction, was investigated.7Be nuclides thus formed were detected partially as central metal atoms of the complexes. Complex yields of7Be were compared and an anomalously high yield was observed in tris-acetylacetonatocobalt(III) [Co(acac)3].
Authors:N. Ikeda, M. Yoshikawa, S. Murakami, and J. Kunika
An isotope exchange method for the speciative determination of phosphorus (PO
and total P) in natural water samples is proposed by using the exchange system of moly bdophosphate in the aqueous phase and tetraphenylarsonium molybdophosophate in the organic phase. In this exchange system, only PO
exchanges and is determined. When the sample water is treated with Br2 water in advance, the amount of PO
can be obtained. When the sample is treated with H2SO4 and HNO3, then the amount of total P can be determined.