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Abstract

The kinetics of thermal decomposition of ammonium yttrium fluoride intermediates, (NH4)3Y2F9 and NH4Y2F7 were studied by a non-isothermal thermogravimetric (TG) technique at different heating rates. Kinetic parameters were determined from the TG curves by using two model-free methods, i.e. Flynn–Wall–Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose (KAS). The activation energy (E) for the decomposition of (NH4)3Y2F9 was dependent on the fraction converted, α; its value was 152 kJ/mol (for α = 0.1–0.3) and 232 kJ/mol (for α = 0.4–0.8) from both models; and the pre-exponential factor (ln(A)) was 43 (for α = 0.1–0.3) and 59 (for α = 0.4–0.8). For the decomposition of NH4Y2F7, the activation energy (E) was independent of the fraction converted, α, and its value was 123 kJ/mol; the pre-exponential factor (ln(A)) was 31. The decomposition of (NH4)3Y2F9 proceeds by one-dimensional diffusion (for α = 0.1–0.3), followed by two-dimensional diffusion (for α = 0.4–0.8). The decomposition of NH4Y2F7 occurs by random nucleation and growth.

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Abstract  

The study is aimed at the analysis and identification of radiochemical and chemical impurities present in [18F]FLT synthesized by a simplified combination-column purification procedure, instead of the currently used HPLC purification. HPLC analysis of the final product showed an anionic radioactive byproduct, which was established as [18F]4-FBSA. The identity of the product was also confirmed by the radiofluorination of nosyl chloride. Mass spectrum analysis of both a decayed sample of [18F]FLT and fluorinated nosyl chloride showed a major peak at 242. We have also investigated the possible interference of this byproduct during PET-imaging in rabbits.

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Abstract  

Plutonium/IV/ compounds obtained in the reactions with phenylacetic acid and -naphthyl acetic acid in the pH range of 3.5–5.0 have been isolated and studied. Carbon, hydrogen and plutonium analyses have shown that plutonium/IV/ phenyl acetate and plutonium/IV/ -naphthyl acetate have the composition Pu/OH/3/C10H7CH2COO/, respectively. Infra-red and ultra-violet absorption spectral studies and thermogravimetric analysis have corroborated these chemical formulas.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
B. S. Maruthiprasad
,
M. N. Sastri
,
S. Rajagopal
,
K. Seshan
,
K. R. Krishnamurthy
, and
T. S. R. Prasada Rao

Thermal analysis of alumina precursors prepared by two different PFHS (precipitation from homogeneous solution) methods and a conventional method is described. All three precursors exhibit distinct thermal behaviour patterns, marked by multiple phase transformations, to yieldγ-Al2O3 ultimately. Thermal analysis studies, coupled with XRD, IR and elemental analysis data, indicate that the precursors obtained by the PFHS methods are monophasic in nature, and hence yield relatively small, uniform microspheroidal alumina in comparison with the alumina obtained by the conventional method.

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