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Semi-dwarf varieties in wheat associated with gibberellic acid (GA3)-insensitive height reducing genes have led to significant increases in yield but often fall below this potential because of poor seedling emergence after deep showing. Alternative semi-dwarf genes may have the potential to reduce plant height without compromising early plant growth. In durum wheat, bulk segregant analysis was used to screen microsatellite markers linked with the GA3-sensitive genes Rht14 in cv. Castelporziano, Rht16 in cv. Edmore M1 and Rht18 in cv. Icaro. Molecular marker Xbarc3-6A for Rht14, Rht16 and Rht18 showed significant polymorphic differences among DNA bulks for height classes. The genes Rht14, Rht16 and Rht18 were linked with Xbarc3 (11.7–28.0 cM) on the short arm of chromosome 6A and they appear to be allelic. Semi-dwarf genes on chromosome 6AS may potentially be used in breeding for improved establishment.

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Abstract  

Endohedral 133Xe-higher fullerenes (133Xe@C76 and 133Xe@C84) were produced by implantation of 133Xe ions using an isotope separator. A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis showed that the peak of endohedral 133Xe-higher fullerenes shifted backward from that of empty fullerenes, suggesting a possibility of the separation of endohedral 133Xe-higher fullerenes from empty fullerenes. The yields of endohedral 133Xe-fullerenes were in the order of 133Xe@C76<133Xe@C84<133Xe@C60<133Xe@C70.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Watanabe, Y. Iida, N. Suzui, T. Katabuchi, S. Ishii, N. Kawachi, H. Hanaoka, S. Watanabe, S. Matsuhashi, K. Endo, and N. Ishioka

Abstract  

Copper-64 was produced by the 64Ni(p, n)64Cu reaction using enriched 64NiO target. We investigated and compared the production yield of 64Cu for proton beams of various energies by using a thick target. Enriched 64Ni was recovered with high yield by simple procedures. Imaging studies using positron emission tomography (PET) and positron emitting tracer imaging system (PETIS) were performed. We obtained clear images in PET and PETIS studies. The results of this study indicate that 64Cu can be utilized as a biomedical tracer for the molecular imaging both in animals and plants.

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Abstract  

The fire and explosion of the Bituminization Demonstration Facility at PNC Tokai Works were occurred on March 11th, 1997. As soon as the fire occurred, environmental monitoring was started. The influence of accidental release was recognized from some samples of airborne dust and surface soil on site. No influence was recognized from the samples off site except the airborne dust collected at O-arai (20 km south). The official statement by the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan was: "It was less than the value which has an influence on the environment and health."

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Abstract  

The radionuclide 67Cu was produced via the 68Zn(p,2p)67Cu reaction by irradiating enriched 68Zn targets with 70 MeV proton beam. Copper-67 was chemically separated from the zinc target by ion-exchange chromatography using Chelex-100 chelating ion-exchange resin. Procedure for recovery of the enriched 68Zn was developed. The target recovery yield of this method was evaluated to be more than 97%.

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Summary  

Hydrophilic endohedral 133Xe-fullerenols, [133Xe@C60(OH)xand 133Xe@C70(OH)x], were synthesized from hydrophobic endohedral 133Xe-fullerenes. The yield of endohedral 133Xe-fullerenols extracted in water was about 40% and 23% for C60and C70, respectively. The products stored in 0.9% NaCl solution at 20 °C were stable enough to be used in nuclear medicine.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: S. Watanabe, N. Ishioka, T. Sekine, A. Osa, M. Koizumi, H. Shimomura, K. Yoshikawa, and H. Muramatsu

Abstract  

Ion implantation was applied to the production of endohedral 133Xe-fullerene. Using an isotope separator, 133Xe ions were implanted into a fullerene target of C60 and C70 produced by vacuum evaporation on a Ni backing. An HPLC analysis following dissolution of the fullerene targets in o-dichlorobenzene corroborated the formation of 133Xe@C60 and 133Xe@C70, showing a strong correlation between C60/C70 and 133Xe. The observed tailing following 133Xe peaks in the elution curves suggests a possibility of the isolation of endohedral 133Xe-fullerene from empty fullerene.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: K. Kobayashi, M. Kuwano, K. Sueki, K. Kikuchi, Y. Achiba, H. Nakahara, N. Kananishi, M. Watanabe, and K. Tomura

Abstract  

Advantages and uniqueness of radiochemical techniques in fullerene studies are pointed out. Some experimental data are presented on metallofullerenes production yields, HPLC elution behaviors of Y, La, Gd containing fullerenes, encapsulation of a new metal in the carbon cage, stability of the carbon cage against recoil energy, and the distribution of metallofullerenes among various organs of rats.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors: Kenichi Watanabe, R. Thandavarayan, N. Gurusamy, S. Zhang, A. Muslin, K. Suzuki, H. Tachikawa, M. Kodama, and Y. Aizawa

Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Diabetes mellitus is a well-known and important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The occurrence of diabetic cardiomyopathy is independent of hypertension, coronary artery disease, or any other known cardiac diseases. There is growing evidence that excess generation of highly reactive free radicals, largely due to hyperglycemia, causes oxidative stress, which further exacerbates the development and progression of diabetes and its complications. Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by morphologic and structural changes in the myocardium and coronary vasculature mediated by the activation of various signaling pathways. Myocardial apoptosis, hypertrophy and fibrosis are the most frequently proposed mechanisms to explain cardiac changes in diabetic cardiomyopathy. Mammalian 14-3-3 proteins are dimeric phosphoserine-binding proteins that participate in signal transduction and regulate several aspects of cellular biochemistry. 14-3-3 protein regulates diabetic cardiomyopathy via multiple signaling pathways. This review focuses on emerging evidence suggesting that 14-3-3 protein plays a key role in the pathogenesis of the cardiovascular complications of diabetes, which underlie the development and progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Y Kobayashi, M. Kubo, Y. Yamada, T. Saito, H. Ueno, H. Ogawa, W. Sato, K. Yoneda, H. Watanabe, N. Imai, H. Miyoshi, and K. Asahi

Abstract  

In-beam Mössbauer spectra of 57Fe, decayed from short-lived 57Mn (T1/2 = 1.45 min) implanted into potassium permanganate, KMnO4, were measured at temperatures between 11 K and 130 K. This is the first application of a secondary RI beam to the study of valence states after nuclear transformation. The in-beam Mössbauer spectra obtained below 90 K could be analyzed with two components, a doublet and a singlet. From the calculations of the molecular orbital wave functions, the singlet is suggested to be substitutional 57Fe atoms for Mn-sites in tetrahedral [MnO4] with an unusually high valence state of Fe8+.

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