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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Nataly Santos, Marileide Tavares, R. Rosenhaim, F. Silva, V. Fernandes Jr, Iêda Santos, and A. Souza

Abstract  

The growing petroleum deficit requires the development of alternative fuel sources. Biodiesel is a good alternative, as it is a biodegradable and renewable product, which obeys the carbon cycle. In this work, the biodiesel from babassu was synthesized using the methanol route, and characterized by physico-chemical analyses in order to make able the investigated biodiesel to fulfill with its properties the requirements of Brazilian National Agency for Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuel (ANP). Besides gas chromatography, IR spectroscopy experiments and thermoanalytical measurements in air and in nitrogen were done to determine the main thermal decomposition processes and calorimetric events. The evaporation temperature of babassu biodiesel was similar in both atmospheres, started around 52 in air and around 60C in nitrogen.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: M. Dantas, Marta Conceição, V. Fernandes Jr, Nataly Santos, R. Rosenhaim, Aldalea Marques, Iêda Santos, and A. Souza

Abstract  

This work evaluates the thermal and kinetic behaviour of corn biodiesel obtained by the methanol and ethanol routes. As to the TG curves, in air three thermal decomposition steps are for the methanol biodiesel and two steps are for the ethanol biodiesel. These steps are related to the evaporization and/or combustion of the methyl and ethyl esters, respectively. The corn oil presented four thermal decomposition steps in air, and only one step in nitrogen. These steps were attributed to the evaporization and/or decomposition of triglycerides. The TG and DTA profiles of the biodiesel approach the mineral diesel oil ones.

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