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Abstract  

Large sample neutron activation analysis of dross from India Government Mint, Mumbai was carried out for quantification of gold (Au) and silver (Ag) using graphite reflector position of Advanced Heavy Water Reactor critical facility at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. The k 0-based internal monostandard NAA was used to calculate concentration ratios of Au and Ag with respect to sodium (Na), which was used as an internal monostandard. The concentration ratio values of Au to Na of varying mass of dross showed that mass ≥2 g was the representative sample size for analysis. Concentrations of gold and silver were found to be in the range of 200–400 and 1200–1700 mg kg−1, respectively in three different samples.

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Abstract  

For standardization of k 0-based instrumental neutron activation analysis, k 0-factors for short-lived nuclides (half-lives—11 s to 37 min) of elements F, Se, Sc, Al, V, Ti, Cu, Ca, Mg, I, and Cl with respect to gold (197Au) were determined using pneumatic carrier facility (PCF) at CIRUS reactor of BARC, Mumbai. Characterization of PCF was carried out by cadmium-ratio method using Au and Zr. The experimental k 0-factors of the isotopes were found to be in good agreement with the recommended k 0-factors in most of the cases, as evident from the values of % error and U-score at 95% confidence level. The method was validated by determining concentrations of elements through their short-lived nuclides in one type of the synthetic multielement standards (SMELS-I) obtained from SCK-CEN, Belgium. The method was also applied for determination of concentrations of some of the elements in two reference materials of IAEA, SL-3, and SL-1.

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Abstract  

The phyto-accumulation efficacy of selenium (Se) from soil by chickpea plant is reported. Chickpea plants were grown in soil having different concentrations (1–4 mg kg−1) of Se. Samples of soil and different parts of chickpea plants in Se rich soil were analyzed for determination of Se concentrations by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Samples were irradiated in self-serve facility of CIRUS reactor, BARC, Mumbai at a neutron flux of the order of 1013 cm−2 s−1. The gamma activity at 264.7 keV of 75Se (119.8 d) was measured using a 45% relative efficiency HPGe detector coupled to MCA. Dependence of Se distribution in soil and plants on its spiking concentration was evaluated in this work. The Se concentrations determined in plant parts grown in control soil and in soil spiked with Se (4 mg kg−1) are in the range of 0.6–0.8 and 65–68 mg kg−1 respectively.

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Abstract  

Kidney stones obtained from six patients belonging to the stone belt region of India (Punjab) were analyzed for inorganic constituents using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) techniques. For INAA, samples were irradiated along with IAEA RM Soil 7 as reference standard in CIRUS reactor, BARC, Mumbai. Gamma activity of irradiated samples was measured using a 45% relative efficiency HPGe detector coupled to 8 k channel analyzer. EDXRF method was used for determination of concentration of Ca. The concentrations of ten elements namely Ca, Na, K, Mn, Co, Cr, Zn, Br, Sm and Cl, are reported and discussed.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
P. Geetha
,
N. Karunakara
,
Ujwal Prabhu
,
P. Ravi
,
J. Sudhakar
,
Nicy Ajith
,
K. Swain
,
R. Acharya
, and
A. Reddy

Abstract  

Instrumental and preconcentration methods of neutron activation analysis (NAA) have been standardized for the determination of concentration of iodine in grass and cow milk samples, respectively. To study the transfer of iodine from grass to milk, known quantity of grass spiked with potassium iodide solution was fed to a cow. The spiked grass samples and milk samples, obtained from the cow after the ingestion of spiked grass, were collected. Iodine was separated from the milk samples chemically using Dowex 1X8 anion exchange resin. Spiked grass and ion exchange resin samples were neutron irradiated and radioactive assay was carried out using a 45 % relative efficiency HPGe detector coupled to an 8k channel analyzer. Iodine concentrations in spiked grass samples were found to be in the range of 1,487–2,002 mg kg−1. Concentration of iodine in milk after 12 h of feeding the cow with spiked grass was 871 ± 56 μg L−1 which was reduced to 334 ± 32 μg L−1 after 48 h.

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