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In 1879, Hungarian legislators deemed it was time to settle the issue of citizenship once and for all. The moment was not chosen by mere accident, because the previous years had witnessed an upsurge of legislative acts striving to legally settle the question of who should belong to the states of Europe. The bill was discussed and opined by the Naturalization Committee of the Parliament. The most important problems were the naturalization and the absence. The first regulation of Hungarian citizenship according to the contemporary constitutional reforms and legal practice only took place in 1879. It is a major milestone in Hungarian citizenship law, since it also incorporated in its system the cases of acquisition and loss of citizenship. The law contains detailed provisions on how the legal relationship between the citizen and the state could be established and terminated. The objective of the law was to make the system of citizenship clear and transparent.

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Verbum
Authors: Norbert Mátyus, Éva Martonyi, Róbert Varga, and Zsófia Babics

Béla Hoffmann, A látóhatár mögött, Olasz irodalmi tanulmányok. [Al di là dell'orizzonte. Studi di letteratura italiana] Savaria University Press, Szombathely, p. 239. Klaus-Dieter Ertler, Der frankokanadische Roman der dreissiger Jahre: Eine ideologieanalytische Darstellung, Canadiana Romanica, volume 14, Tübingen: Max Niemeyer, Verlag, 2000, 436 p. Roger Toumson, Mythologie du métissage, Presses Universitaires de France, collection „Ecritures francophones”, 1998, 270 pages.  „Studi Francescani nell'ambiente francescano”: un corso organizzato dal Centro Interuniversitario di Studi Francescani, Assisi 2002

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Absztrakt:

Bevezetés és célkitűzés: Mivel a hagyományos, első vonalbeli Helicobacter pylori (H. p.)-eradicatiós kezelés hatékonysága hazánkban 75% alá csökkent, új protokoll kidolgozása szükséges. Módszer: Föltételezve, hogy a hagyományos kezelés (14 napos kettős standard dózisú protonpumpagátló [PPI], 2 × 1000 mg/die amoxicillin, 2 × 500 mg klaritromicin [PAC]) sikerességi aránya 75%, és az új protokoll (10 napos 4 × 120 mg bizmut-dicitrát, kétszeres standard dózisú PPI, 4 × 500 mg tetraciklin, 2 × 500 mg/die tinidazol [BQT]) eredményessége 95%, karonként 109 beteg bevonásával számoltunk. A páciensek beválasztására 5 Vas megyei endoszkópos laboratóriumban elvégzett felső tápcsatornai endoszkópia után került sor. A csoportok heterogenitását, a kezelés sikerességét és a mellékhatásokat Fisher-féle egzakt próbával értékeltük; a p<0,05 értéket szignifikánsnak tekintettük. Eredmények: A BQT-kezelésű csoportba 110 beteget vontunk be, míg a PAC-kezelésűbe 109 beteget. A két csoport között a kor, a nem és a kiirtás javallata alapján nem volt különbség. A H. p.-fertőzés felszámolásának sikeressége a BQT esetén 103/110 (93,6%), a PAC esetén pedig 81/109 (74,3%) volt (p<0,001). Az esélyhányados a BQT esetén a PAC-kezeléssel összehasonlítva 5,05 volt (95%-os megbízhatósági tartomány 2,02–14,42; p<0,001). A BQT esetén mellékhatás a betegek 34,5%-ában jelentkezett. Következtetés: A H. p. kiirtására javasolt a 10 napos bizmuttartalmú, kétszeres standard dózisú PPI-t, 4 × 500 mg/die tetraciklint és 2 × 500 mg/die tinidazolt tartalmazó kezelés, mivel ez hatékony, és elfogadható mellékhatásprofillal jár. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(34): 1340–1345.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: Boglárka Vincze, Márta Varga, Orsolya Kutasi, Petra Zenke, Ottó Szenci, Ferenc Baska, Alan Bartels, Sándor Spisák, Sándor Cseh, and Norbert Solymosi

Abstract

Equine grass sickness (also known as dysautonomia) is a life-threatening polyneuropathic disease affecting horses with approx. 80% mortality. Since its first description over a century ago, several factors, such as the phenotype, intestinal microbiome, environment, management and climate, have been supposed to be associated with the increased risk of dysautonomia. In this retrospective study, we examined the possible involvement of genetic factors. Medical and pedigree datasets regarding 1,233 horses with 49 affected animals born during a 23-year period were used in the analysis. Among the descendants of some stallions, the proportion of animals diagnosed with dysautonomia was unexpectedly high. Among males, the odds of dysautonomia were found to be higher, albeit not significantly, than among females. Significant familial clustering (genealogical index of familiality, P = 0.001) was observed among the affected animals. Further subgroups were identified with significant (P < 0.001) aggregation among close relatives using kinship-based methods. Our analysis, along with the slightly higher disease frequency in males, suggests that dysautonomia may have a genetic causal factor with an X-linked recessive inheritance pattern. This is the first study providing ancestry data and suggesting a heritable component in the likely multifactorial aetiology of the disease.

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