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  • Author or Editor: Nung-Kai Lin x
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Abstract  

Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), historically, due to its broad applications in the chemical industries, has caused many serious fires and explosions worldwide. Its thermal hazards may also be incurred by an incompatible reaction with other chemical materials, and a runaway reaction may be induced in the last stage. This study applied thermal analytical methods to explore the H2O2 leading to thermal accidents by incompatibility and to discuss what might be formed by the upset situations. In this study, the thermal hazard analyses were conducted with various solvents, propanone (CH3COCH3), Fe2O3, FeSO4, H2SO4, HCl, HNO3, H3PO4, NaOH, LiOH, and KOH which were deliberately selected to individually mix with H2O2 for investigating the degree of hazard. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was employed to evaluate the thermal hazard of H2O2-mixed ten chemicals. The results indicated that H2O2 is highly hazardous while separately mixed with ten materials, as a potential contaminant. Fire and explosion hazards could be successfully reduced if the safety-related data are suitably imbedded into manufacturing processes.

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