Authors:Maha F. Abdel-Ghany, Omar Abdel-Aziz, Miriam F. Ayad, and Mariam M. Tadros
New, simple, selective, and sensitive liquid chromatography–ultraviolet (LC–UV) methods have been developed and subsequently validated for simultaneous determination of linagliptin–empagliflozin combination and simultaneous determination of alogliptin benzoate–pioglitazone hydrochloride combination. Linearity was found to be acceptable over the concentration ranges of 2–50 μg mL−1, 4–100 μg mL−1, 0.5–25 μg mL−1, and 1–25 μg mL−1 for linagliptin (LNG), empagliflozin (EMG), alogliptin (ALG), and pioglitazone (PGN), respectively. All the methods were applied successfully to the analysis of the pharmaceutical dosage forms. The optimized methods were validated and proved to be robust and accurate for the quality control of the mentioned drugs in their different pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Authors:Omar M. Khalaf, Mosad A. Ghareeb, Amal M. Saad, Hassan M. F. Madkour, Ahmed K. El-Ziaty, and Mohamed S. Abdel-Aziz
Different solvent extracts of the aerial parts of Senna italica (Mill.) were investigated for their chemical constituents and biological activities. Moreover, bio-guided fractionation led to isolation and identification of six compounds, namely: physcion (1), emodin (2), 2-methoxy-emodin-6-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3), 1-hydroxy-2-acetyl-3-methyl-6-hydroxy-8-methoxynaphthalene (tinnevellin) (4), quercetin 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside (rutin) (5), and 1,6,8-trihydroxy-3-methoxy-9,10-dioxo-9,10-dihydroanthracene (6). The chemical structures of these compounds were established via 1D and 2D 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy. Ethyl acetate and n-butanol extracts as well as compound 3 were evaluated for their anticancer activity against tumor cell lines. The tested extracts showed a moderate to weak activity, while compound 3 showed a moderate activity against human liver cancer (Hep G2) and breast cancer (MCF-7) cell lines with IC50 values of 57.5 and 42.3 μg/mL, respectively. Both ethyl acetate and n-butanol extracts exhibited antimicrobial activities with different strengths, i.e., ethyl acetate exhibited antimicrobial activity against seven test microbes while n-butanol extract showed antimicrobial activity against all tested microbes. This is the first report for the isolation of compound 3 as a new compound from S. italica growing in Egypt.