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  • Author or Editor: P. Boothe x
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Abstract  

Neutron activation analysis (NAA) techniques have been developed and applied to the analysis of marine sediments. More than 150 core sites have been sampled in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. More than 500 surface and subsurface sediment samples have been analyzed for Ba, Cr, Fe, and various other elements of interest. Typical concentrations at various locations are given. An extensive half-life study was performed to verify that gamma lines, used for quantitation exhibited the decay parameters expected to the parent radionuclide. Suggested gamma lines are presented for a few elements of particular interest to ocean-sediment analysis.

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Abstract  

Compton suppression gamma-spectroscopy provides an efficient method for measuring the concentration of226Ra,228Ra, and210Pb in ocean sediments. The background reduction realized from the suppressed mode of operation provides an “active shield” to allow for the low-level counting required for these measurements. We have used the method to study the possible accumulation of radium from produced waters in sediments from Gulf of Mexico sites of varied distances from drill platforms. In addition,210Pb levels were determined to evaluate the use of our spectrometer for this purpose. Baseline undisturbed concentrations have been obtained from the study of subsurface core material which predates drilling activities. Correlations of radium isotope concentrations with iron and barium provide information concerning the possible relationships between radium levels and drilling activity (excess barium) and natural variations in sediment texture (iron).

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Abstract  

An analytical technique using reversed-phase liquid chromatography has been developed for the determination of urea at quantities as low as 1 ng to quantitate the amount of non-labelled urea produced during the synthesis of no-carrier-added {11C}urea starting from11CN. As a result, the specific activity of the {11C} urea thus prepared was calculated to be as high as 3.5±0.8 Ci/mol.

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