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  • Author or Editor: P. Dutta x
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Abstract  

The main result of this paper is a fixed point theorem of self-mappings in Menger spaces which satisfy certain inequality. This inequality involves a class of real functions which we call Φ-functions. As a corollary we obtain a result in the corresponding metric spaces. The result is supported by an example. The class of real functions we have used is the conceptual extension of altering distance functions used in metric fixed point theory.

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Abstract  

The work describes a procedure of preconcentration and separation of trace amounts of Pd(II) by solid phase extraction of the metal ion by dithiooxamide groups incorporated into a matrix of polystyrene-divinylbenzene whereas the determination of palladium has been carried out by radiotracer technique using 109Pd (T 1/2 = 13.43 hr, E γ = 311, 647 keV). The experiments were carried out using both batch method and column operation. Parameters such as the amount of resin, effect of pH, equilibration rate, sorption and desorption of metal ions have been studied. The maximum sorption capacity for palladium was found to be 0.10 mmol·g−1 at pH 6.0. The method is rapid, has a good accuracy and can be used routinely.

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Abstract  

N,N,N′,N′-tetra-2-ethylhexyldiglycolamide (T2EHDGA) has been used for the preferential extraction of 90Y from its mixture with 90Sr from HNO3 as well as HCl medium. The separation efficiencies have been found out under varying experimental conditions. The extracted species were determined from T2EHDGA concentration variation experiments carried out at 3 M nitric acid as well as HCl and were found out to be Y(X3)3·3(TEHDGA)(o) for both the extraction systems, where X = NO3 and Cl, respectively. Comparison of the T2EHDGA and TODGA based separation methods is also made. In order to avoid third phase formation, iso-decanol has been used as the modifier in all the studies. The modifier content was optimized to 30% for 4 M HCl and 20% for 6 M HNO3 as the feed aqueous phases. Separation schemes were developed for the separation of carrier free 90Y and the purity was checked by the half-life measurement method.

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Milled rice from nine aromatic cultivars was evaluated for physicochemical, cooking, and antioxidant properties. Physical parameters measured were milling outrun, head rice yield (HRY), and appearance (size and shape). Cooking time, water uptake ratio and elongation ratio were determined to study their cooking quality. Chemical parameters included were amylose content (AC), protein content (PC), gel consistency (GC) and alkali spreading value (ASV). Total phenolic content (TPC) was measured using the Folin-Ciocalteu method, while ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and 1,1-diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were used to study their antioxidant activity. This study revealed all rice cultivars, except Basmoti-370 and Gopalbhog, showed HRY. Besides, all rice cultivars displayed high protein content. Significant variations (P<0.05) were found in TPC and the antioxidant activities of the rice cultivars. The correlation coefficient between the TPC and the antioxidant activities was strong and statistically significant (P<0.05).

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