The study analyses the impacts of the financial and economic crisis on potential growth in the European Union. It identifies the main channels of impact mechanism and carries out quantitative estimations in order to reveal the medium and long-term trends. According to over findings the impacts of the crisis are significantly different in the main country-groups of the EU. The basic structural problem of the EU is considered the decreasing trend in potential growth which might be further strengthened through the lasting consequences of the crisis.
Summary Cruciate ligaments of the knee joint are important structures very often affected by the degenerative process in case of osteoarthritis. One of the most controversial issues in knee arthroplasty practice nowadays is the role of the posterior cruciate ligament. With foregoing studies authors have demonstrated the feasibility of DSC in the investigation of the musculoskeletal system. With current study authors established the thermal behaviour of healthy cruciate ligaments and detected the alterations in case of osteoarthritis. By establishing the DSC scans of the normal ligaments authors demonstrated clear differences between the posterior and anterior ligament. In addition alterations between normal and arthritic samples could be detected both in terms of changes in total enthalpy and heat capacity. Calorimetric findings have been verified by histological examinations as well.