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  • Author or Editor: P. Mapara x
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Abstract  

The extraction of Pu(IV) from perchloric acid by HTTA—TPPO mixtures employing benzene and chloroform as diluents has been studied. While Pu(TTA)4·TPPO appears to be the dominant species with benzene, mixed adducts involving perchlorate ion formation seem to be predominant in the extraction with chloroform. The adduct formation between Pu(TTA)4 and different neutral donors, in benzene, was studied by spectrophotometry and the constants of the 1∶1 adducts formed were evaluated.

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Abstract  

Extraction of U(VI) by mixtures of 2-ethylhexyl 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid (PC88A) and TOPO in cyclohexane and xylene from aqueous sulfuric acid medium has been investigated. Synergism was observed and the species responsible was identified as UO2H2Y4.TOPO. From the data equilibrium constants for the various reaction equilibria at different temperatures and the thermodynamic parameters were calculated. Antagonism was observed when alkylamide or TBP was used as the neutral donor.

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Abstract  

Solvent extraction and extraction chromatography studies of uranium and plutonium from oxalate supernatant solutions were carried out using 2-ethyl hexyl-2-ethyl hexyl phosphonic acid (PC88A). Based on the distribution data, it was inferred that both the uranium and plutonium could be recovered satisfactorily from such a solution. These studies were found to be useful in optimising the appropriate concentration of PC88A, HNO3, oxalic acid and temperature to recover more than 90% of plutonium from the large volumes of oxalate bearing waste solutions. Spectral characteristics of the extractant and its complexing behavior with U(VI) was also studied using IR & FTIR.

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Abstract  

Ion-exchange studies on uranium and plutonium using macroporous (MP) anion-exchange resins from an aqueous-organic solvent mixed media were carried out to develop a separation method. Out of the several water miscible organic solvents tried methanol and acetone were found to be best suited. Distribution data were obtained for U(VI) and Pu(IV) using three macroporous resins under various parameters. Based on these data, separation factors for Pu/U were calculated. Column experiments using Tulsion A-27(MP) were also carried out. The method has the advantage of loading plutonium from as low as 1M nitric acid in the presence of methanol or acetone and could be used satisfactorily for its recovery from solutions containing plutonium and uranium.

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Abstract  

The extraction of U(VI) by mixtures of HTTA and TBP from aqueous thiocyanate medium has been studied. From the data obtained it was observed that the predominant uranium species extracted, causing synergic enhancement in the extraction of U(VI), is UO2(SCN)TTA · 2TBP when benzene and cyclohexane are used as diluents, and that at a very low concentration of TBP the contribution of additional species, viz. UO2(TTA)2 · TBP becomes significant. With chloroform as diluent, however, both of these species are contributing to the synergic enhancement. The extraction of a quaternary uranium species, UO2(SCN)TTA · 2TBP, involving the participation of the aqueous anion is thus established. Equilibrium constants for the various extraction equilibria involved are calculated.

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Abstract  

The extraction of thorium by benzene solutions of HIPT in presence of different neutral extractants (S) was studied using perchloric, hydrochloric and sulphuric acids as aqueous media. With TBP as the donor the effect of the diluents CCl4, benzene and CHCl3 on the extraction was studied. The synergism observed was attributed to the formation of the extractable adduct Th(IPT)4 · S and, in some cases, to the extraction of additional mixed adducts involving the participation of the anion of the aqueous medium used for extraction. The adduct formation constants for the formation of Th(IPT)4 ·S were evaluated and the formation of this adduct was independently confirmed by spectrophotometric measurements. The aqueous complexing of thorium by IPT was investigated spectrophotometrically as these data were required for the quantitative interpretation of the extraction data.

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