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Abstract

Effects of the nature of functional groups (namely, hydroxyl, methyl, silicon hydride, amino, and vinyl) on the surface of pristine and modified silicas on polymerization of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) and on structural characteristics of the filled composites have been studied. DSC, FTIR spectroscopy and equilibrium water sorption (ESI) techniques were applied for the composites characterization. Results obtained testify that the chemical nature of the grafted groups has a strong influence on the monomer orientation in the surface layer of the filler. More uniform and cross-linked structures were detected in the composites with particularly methylated silica. Filler with chemically active silicon hydride groups promotes formation of ordered structure with rigid macromolecules. The presence of amino and vinyl groups on the silica surface results in formation of flexible polymer chains with a low cross-linking density or with a low polymerization degree, even at 2 wt% filling degree. Water uptake for composites with vinyl- and amine-containing silicas was low, indicating the close-packing of polymeric molecules in the filled polyHEMA.

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Broad-band ac dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) and various techniques of thermally stimulated currents (TSC) have been used to investigate molecular mobility in cereal and legume seeds, over wide ranges of water content and temperature. We focused our interest on the detailed study of the interactions between water and seed constituents. The results are quantitatively discussed, using various concepts dictated by the experimental techniques employed and in relation to the protein and carbohydrate contents of the seeds. In addition, the glass transition in the seeds, freezing and melting of water, and the protonic conduction process have been studied in some detail.

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Abstract  

The structure-property relationships of thermoplastic polymer blends based on poly(ether-urethane) ionomer (PEUI) and ion-containing styrene-acrylic acid copolymer (S-co-AA(K)) have been investigated by using DMTA, DSC and TGA, as well as tensile tests. Convergence of the glass transition temperature (T g) values of the PEUI and the S-co-AA(K) components in the blends studied, as compared to the individual polymers, was found and explained by improving compatibility of the components due to increasing effective density of physical networks formed by ion-dipole and ion-ion interactions of ionic groups of the components. Character of E'=f(T) and E''=f(T) dependencies confirms the increase of the effective density of physical networks in the compositions studied compared to individual PEUI and S-co-AA(K). Improvement of end-use properties, i.e. thermal stability and tensile properties has been found for the PEUI/S-co-AA(K) compositions with lower content of S-co-AA(K) (i.e. <10 mass%) and explained by formation of additional network of intermolecular ionic bonds between the functional groups of PEUI and S-co-AA(K).

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Abstract  

Thermal stability and phase structure of thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) based on post-consumer materials such as recycled lowor high-density polyethylene and ground tyre rubber (GTR) were investigated by using TG, DSC and DMTA analysis. Preliminary reclamation of GTR leads to enhancement of compatibility between polyethylene matrix and dispersed GTR particles.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: A. Kyritsis, A. Spanoudaki, C. Pandis, L. Hartmann, R. Pelster, N. Shinyashiki, J. C. Rodríguez Hernández, J. L. Gómez Ribelles, M. Monleón Pradas, and P. Pissis

Abstract

Hydrogels based on nanocomposites of statistical poly(hydroxyethyl acrylate-co-ethyl acrylate) and silica, prepared by simultaneous copolymerization and generation of silica nanoparticles by sol–gel process at various copolymer compositions and silica contents, characterized by a fine dispersion of filler, were investigated with respect to glass transition and polymer dynamics by dielectric techniques. These include thermally stimulated depolarization currents and dielectric relaxation spectroscopy, covering together broad ranges of frequency and temperature. In addition, equilibrium water sorption isotherms were recorded at room temperature (25 °C). Special attention was paid to the investigation of effects of silica on glass transition, polymer dynamics (secondary γ and β sw relaxations and segmental α relaxation), and electrical conductivity in the dry systems (xerogels) and in the hydrogels at various levels of relative humidity/water content. An overall reduction of molecular mobility is observed in the nanocomposite xerogels, in particular at high silica contents. Analysis of the results and comparison with previous work on similar systems enable to discuss this reduction of molecular mobility in terms of constraints to polymeric motion imposed by interfacial polymer–filler interactions and by the formation of a continuous silica network interpenetrated with the polymer network at filler contents higher than about 15 wt%.

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