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  • Author or Editor: P. Pustková x
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Abstract  

The structural relaxation and viscosity behavior of Ge38S62 glass has been studied by thermomechanical analysis. The relaxation response to any thermal history is well described by the Tool-Naraynaswamy-Moynihan model. The apparent activation energy of structural relaxation is very close to the activation energy of viscous flow (Eη=47812 kJ mol-1). However, the activation energy of crystal growth obtained by optical microscopy is about one half of this value. Similar result has been obtained from isothermal DSC measurement (Ea=22020 kJ mol-1). The kinetic analysis of these data reveals interface controlled crystal growth with zero nucleation rate.

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Abstract  

The structural relaxation of Ge38S62 glass has been studied by length dilatometry and calorimetry. The Tool-Narayanaswamy-Moynihan model was applied on obtained data of structural relaxation and parameters of this model were determined: Δh*= 4832 kJ mol-1, ln(A/s)= -811, β= 0.70.1 and x=0.60.1. Both dilatometric and calorimetric relaxation data were compared on the basis of the fictive relaxation rate. It was found that the relaxation rates are very similar and well correspond to the prediction of phenomenological model.

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Summary Relaxation behavior of GeySe100-y (y=8 and 10) glasses related to the viscosity behavior was studied by dilatometry. The method of two consecutive temperature jumps was applied to study the volume relaxation. The relaxation response can be described by Tool-Narayanaswamy-Moynihan model and the parameters of this model ?h*, ß, x, A were determined using curve fitting method and characteristic times method. Viscosities of studied materials in the range of 108-1013 Pas were measured by penetration method. The calculated values of activation energies of viscous flow E? are close to the values of effective activation energies of relaxation ?h* for studied chalcogenide materials.

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