Individual differences in human sleep EEG spindling were shown to be associated with psychometric measures of cognitive ability. Previous results revealed a frequency-and region specificity of this effect, suggesting that only fast, but not slow spindle-related oscillatory activity over the frontal region correlated with cognitive performance. Our aim is to test the hypothesis that region-specific spindle-type oscillatory activity is related to specific cognitive abilities reflecting the cortical localization of the corresponding cognitive function. The visuospatial abilities are the focus of the present report. Nineteen healthy volunteers were tested with the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) test and memory performances correlated with the spindle analysis of the second night’s polysomnographic recordings. Correlations were age-corrected and subjected to descriptive data analysis. ROCF recall performances at 3 and 30 minutes delay, correlated positively and significantly with fast sleep spindle density measured over the right parietal area. No significant relationship between recognition performance and sleep EEG variables emerged. Slow spindle density did not correlate with test performances. Our findings converge with other data suggesting the involvement of right parietal functioning in visuospatial abilities. Moreover, these results support the hypothesis that region-specific differences in fast sleep spindling could be markers of specific neuropsychological performances.
Authors:P. Fancsovits, Zsuzsa Tóthné, Á. Murber, J. Rigó and J. Urbancsek
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different stimulation protocols on oocyte granularity and to determine the influence of cytoplasmic granularity on further embryo development. A total of 2448 oocytes from 393 intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were analysed retrospectively. Oocytes were classified into 5 groups according to cytoplasmic granularity. (A) no granule or 1–2 small (<5 μm) granules; (B) more than 3 small granules; (C) large granules (>5 μm); (D) refractile body; (E) dense centrally located granular area. Correlation between characteristics of hormonal stimulation, oocyte granularity and embryo development was analysed. The occurrence of cytoplasmic granularity was influenced by the patient’s age and characteristics of stimulation. The type of granulation had no effect on fertilization rate and zygote morphology. However, some type of granulation resulted in a lower cleavage rate and more fragmented embryos. Our results provided additional information on how hormonal stimulation affects oocyte quality. While cytoplasmic granularity seems not to have an effect on fertilization and embryo development, the presence of refractile body in the oocyte is associated with reduced cleavage rates and impaired embryo development.
Authors:Á. Murber, P. Fancsovits, Nóra Ledó, M. Szakács, J. Rigó and J. Urbancsek
The quality of oocytes and developing embryos are the most relevant factors determining the success of an in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. However, there are very few studies analyzing the effects of different gonadotrophin preparations on oocyte and embryo quality. A retrospective secondary analysis of data collected from a prospective randomized study was performed to compare highly purified versus recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (HP-FSH vs. rFSH). The main outcome measures were quantity and quality of oocytes and embryos, dynamics of embryo development, cryopreservation, clinical pregnancy and live birth rate. The number of retrieved and of mature (MII) oocytes showed no significant differences. Fertilization rate was significantly higher in the HP-FSH group (68.9% vs. 59.9%, p = 0.01). We also found significantly higher rate of cryopreserved embryos per all retrieved oocytes (23.4% vs. 14.5%, p = 0.002) in the HP-FSH group. There were no significant differences in clinical pregnancy and in live birth rates. Oocytes obtained with HP-FSH stimulation showed higher fertilisability, whereas pregnancy and live birth rates did not differ between the groups. However, patients treated with HP-FSH may benefit from the higher rate of embryos capable for cryopreservation, suggesting that cumulative pregnancy rates might be higher in this group.
Authors:G. Del Fiore, J. Peters, L. Quaglia, F. Boudjelida, M. Pardon, J. Piette, R. Cantineau, Ch. De Landsheere and P. Rigo
An automated continuous flow process has been developed for the synthesis of11C-ethanol and11C-butanol. These alcohols were synthesized via the same route. The reaction of11CO2 with methylmagnesium bromide or with n-propylmagnesium chloride, followed by a lithium aluminum hydride reduction and hydrolysis produced respectively11C-ethanol and11C-butanol. Preparation can be completed in 25 min. In each case the radiochemical purity, as determined by high pressure liquid chromatography /HPLC/ was greater than 98%. Biological quality control shows that the products are suitable for human use. The process has been completely automated to limit radiation exposure to personnel, reduce preparation time, and increase reproducibility.
Authors:G. Del Fioe, J. Peters, L. Quaglia, J. Piette, R. Cantineau, C. De Landsheere, D. Raets and P. Rigo
The synthesis of11C-acetate has been achieved via carbonation of methyl magnesium bromide with11C-labelled carbon dioxide. Using this procedure, 7.4 GBq /200 mCi/ of11CO2 produced by the14N/P,/11C nuclear reaction, was converted, within 20 min into11C-acetate with an activity higher than 2.22 GBq /60 mCi/. Chemical and biologic quality control shows that the product is pure, sterile, and pyrogen-free and therefore suitable for human use. Handling considerable amounts of activity has led us to automate the11C-acetate synthesis. The different parts of the system-programmable controller, sensors, automatic neutralization system-are described in detail.