Numerous notable potters’ waste layers came to light during the recent excavation of a detail of the military pottery workshop (so-called’ Kiscelli Street workshop’) in the Aquincum canabae.A distinctive quality ceramic group was separatable in these layers. These ceramics have well, fine levigated clay and were fired to red and hard. The surfaces are glossy by burnishing or a very thin slip. These sherds measure in many cases up to the Samian ware quality. As geochemical researches revealed these ceramics were made from local clay into which some „red earth” (rich in Al2O3-, Fe2O3- and MnO) admixture was mixed. Moreover it was also observed that the above-mentioned good quality product forms were sometimes made in a „traditional” (without red admixture) colour, too.We can find the best analogies of these ceramics in connection with the finds of the legionary pottery’s find-places (Noviomagus-Holdeurn ware, Vetera, Vindonissa, Argentorate, Wetterau ware, Butovo etc.). These are in the closest connection with the Holdeurn ware in both form and quality (four of the five forms are almost identical). Based on the similarity we think that potterers from Noviomagus might have been commanded here, which is naturally not surprising knowing that the legio X Gemina was placed from Noviomagus to Aquincum in 105 AD and was stationed here till 118 AD. At the same time, researching the origin of the existing forms we find many similarities with the eastern Samian ware (terra sigillata) forms, too. This raises the question who were those potterers that developed these forms first? Though J. K. Haalebos suggested the presence of Italian potterers in connection with the Holdeun pottery, the possibility of eastern potterers’ contribution can also be taken into account.
Two red slipped jugs with applied decoration were found during the excavations on the area of the former Óbuda Gas Factory. According to the morphological traits and the decoration, both items belong to the African Red Slip Wares (ARS) with applied decoration, within them in the group of the so-called El-Aouja wares. According to the qualitative traits (very finely tempered clay, shiny red slip), these items belong to Solomonson C1 group. They were made between 200 and the 270’s AD. We have to count with the importation of the products of the C1–C2 groups of the African Red Slip Wares of applied decoration to the south-eastern region of the Pannonian limes.
Authors:P. Kanizsai, Z. Vámos, M. Solymár, A. Garami, and Zoltán Szelényi
Daily body core temperature rhythm has been known to become blunted for several days following intra-abdominal implantation of biotelemetry transmitters in small rodents and about a week is required for re-establishment of stable body core temperature oscillation. In the present study carried out on mice it was found that a repetition of the same minor surgical intervention (laparotomy) several days apart could speed up the stabilization of body temperature oscillations. Melatonin supplied with the drinking water continuously was found to speed up the return of stable daily body temperature rhythm further on consecutive laparotomies, while daily injections of methylprednisolone resulted in some delay in the development of stable body core temperature oscillations. It is concluded that in C57BL/6 mice possessing low plasma levels of melatonin exhibit an adaptive response to repeated stresses influencing the dynamics of daily body temperature rhythm.