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An optical pyrometer is used to measure and, in conjunction with temperature programmer and controller, control the temperature of the NETSZSCH Dilatometer DIL 402 E/7 up to 2400°C. This instrument is thus suitable to investigate sintering of technical ceramic materials such as SSiC and ZrO2. Measurements carried out on these materials containing organic additives show that the sintering range of SSiC starts at 1800°C—although its final density is not reached at 2400°C at a heating rate of 20 deg·min−1—and that the densification of ZrO2 occurs between 1000° and 1800°C. Using rate controlled sintering (RCS) the sintering process can be extended on a time scale, but the same densities are obtained at the same temperatures when comparing the measurements with and without RCS.

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Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica
Authors: M. Tóth, A. Nagy, I. Szarukán, K. Ary, A. Cserenyec, B. Fenyődi, D. Gombás, T. Lajkó, L. Merva, J. Szabó, P. Winkler, and J. K. Jósvai

The addition of synthetic (E)-anethol to the known attractant phenylacetaldehyde synergized attraction of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera, the blend invariably catching 4 to 6 times more than phenylacetaldehyde on its own. Highest catches were recorded by the 1:1-3:1 blends. The addition of salicyl aldehyde, ±linalool, (R)-(+)-limonene, 2-methoxybenzyl alcohol and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol (compounds described earlier in the literature as co-attractants for H. armigera), increased catches when added to phenylacetaldehyde. However, the addition of these compounds did not increase catches of the (E)-anethol+pheny- lacetaldehyde blend. When directly compared with performance of the synthetic pheromone, the (E)-anethol +phenylacetaldehyde blend caught an average of 27% of the catch in pheromone baited traps. On an average 79% of moths caught in traps with the (E)-anethol+phenylacetaldehyde blend were females, while traps with pheromone caught only males. The (E)-anethol+phenylacetaldehyde blend described in this study may form the basis for the development of an efficient bisexual lure for H. armigera AFTER further optimization.

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