Dauricine is the major bioactive component isolated from the roots of Menispermum dauricum D.C., a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid derivative, and has shown multiple pharmacological properties. In this work, a sensitive and selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was developed for determination of dauricine in rat plasma and its application to pharmacokinetic study of dauricine after intravenous and oral administration in rats. After addition of daurisoline as an internal standard (IS), protein precipitation by acetonitrile was used to prepare samples. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) with 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile as the mobile phase with gradient elution. An electrospray ionization source was applied and operated in positive ion mode; multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode was used for quantification. Calibration plots were linear throughout the range 2–600 ng mL−1 for dauricine in rat plasma. Relative standard deviation (RSD) of intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 13%. The accuracy of the method was between 95.8% and 105.9%. Matrix effect of dauricine in rat plasma ranged from 88.0% to 90.3%. Mean recoveries of dauricine in rat plasma ranged from 91.5% to 95.1%. The method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetic study of dauricine after intravenous and oral administration in rats. The bioavailability of dauricine was found to be 55.4% for the first time.
Authors:Siyuan Chen, Jianshe Ma, Xianqin Wang, and Peiwu Geng
Hair is a stable specimen and has a longer detection window (from weeks to months) than blood and urine. Through the analysis of hair, the long-term information of the drug use of the identified person could be explored. Our work is to establish an ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectroscopy (UPLC–MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of methamphetamine, amphetamine, morphine, monoacetylmorphine, ketamine, norketamine, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), and 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA) in hair. Methoxyphenamine was used as an internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a UPLC ethylene bridged hybrid (BEH) C18 (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) column using a mobile phase of acetonitrile–water with 10 mmol/L ammonium acetate solution which containing 0.05% ammonium hydroxide. The multiple reaction monitoring in positive electrospray ionization was used for quantitative determination. The intra-day and inter-day precisions (relative standard deviation [RSD]) were below 15%. The accuracy ranged between 85.5% and 110.4%, the average recovery rate was above 72.9%, and the matrix effect ranged between 92.7% and 109.2%. Standard curves were in the range of 0.05–5.0 ng/mg, and the correlation coefficients were greater than 0.995. The established UPLC–MS/MS method was applied to analyze the hair samples successfully.
Authors:Aixia Han, Guanyang Lin, Jinzhang Cai, Qing Wu, Peiwu Geng, Jianshe Ma, Xianqin Wang, and Chongliang Lin
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was established to determine hirsutine and hirsuteine in rat plasma. Pharmacokinetics of hirsutine and hirsuteine in rats after intravenous or oral administration has been investigated using this developed UPLC–MS/MS method, and bioavailability of the two drugs was calculated. Diazepam was used as internal standard, and UPLC BEH column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) was used at temperature of 40 °C. The mobile phase was composed of acetonitrile and water (containing 0.1% formic acid) at a gradient elution flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. Nitrogen was used as desolvation gas (800 L/h) and conical gas (50 L/h). The multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) model was applied to quantitatively analyze hirsutine m/z 369 → 226, hirsuteine m/z 367 → 169.9, and diazepam (internal standard) m/z 285.1 → 193.3. Rat plasma samples were deproteinized using acetonitrile prior to UPLC–MS/MS analysis. Within the concentration range of 1–200 ng/mL, the linearity of hirsutine and hirsuteine in plasma was good (r > 0.995), and the lower limit of quantitation was 1 ng/mL. Relative standard deviations of intra-day precision for hirsutine and hirsuteine were ≤6.1% and ≤5.9%, respectively, and those of inter-day precision were ≤6% and ≤7.7%. Accuracy for hirsutine and hirsuteine ranged between 92.3% and 104.8%. Bioavailability of hirsutine and hirsuteine was 4.4% and 8.2%, respectively. The method is sensitive and fast with good selectivity and was successfully applied in the pharmacokinetic studies after intravenous and oral administration of hirsutine and hirsuteine.
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was developed and validated for quantification of ligustroflavone, which was then applied in pharmacokinetics study in rat and tissue distribution in mouse. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were used for pharmacokinetics after intravenous (2 or 8 mg/kg) administration of ligustroflavone, six rats for each dose. Twenty-five mice were randomly divided into 5 groups (5 mice for each group, 1 group for each time point) and received 16 mg/kg ligustroflavone via intraperitoneal administration. The linear range of the calibration curve was over 2–2000 ng/mL for ligustroflavone in rat plasma and mouse tissues. The intra-day and inter-day precision expressed in % RSD were less than 14%, and the accuracy was between 88.5% and 108.4%.
The tissue distribution results indicated that ligustroflavone diffuses rapidly and widely into major organs. The level of ligustroflavone was highest in the mouse liver, followed by the kidney, spleen, and lung. The overwhelming accumulation in the liver indicated that the liver was responsible for the extensive metabolism.
Authors:Peiwu Geng, Xinhua Luo, Xiufa Peng, Zixia Lin, Wenhao Chen, Jin Zhang, Congcong Wen, Lufeng Hu, and Siyi Hu
Eupatilin, mainly derived from Artemisia asiatica (Asteraceae), is an O-methylated flavone with various bioactivities. In the present study, a validated ultra-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method was established for the quantification of eupatilin in rat plasma with the internal standard (IS) of tussilagone and the protein precipitation of plasma samples was performed using acetonitrile–methanol (9:1, v/v). The eupatilin and IS were eluted separately on a UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the gradient mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile. The protonated analytes were quantified by multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) mode with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source operated in positive ion mode. The calibration plots were found to be linear over the range from 2 to 1000 ng/mL for eupatilin in rat plasma. Both of the intra-day and inter-day precision variations (RSDs) were ≤13%. The recoveries of eupatilin in rat plasma were between 83.7% and 94.6%, and the accuracy of the method ranged from 95.8% to 107.6%. In addition, the validated method was applied to pharmacokinetic study of eupatilin after an intravenous dose of 2 mg/kg to rats.
Authors:Ruijie Chen, Mengrou Lu, Xiaoting Tu, Wei Sun, Weijian Ye, Jianshe Ma, Congcong Wen, Xianqin Wang, and Peiwu Geng
We developed an ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC–MS/MS) method for quantification of panasenoside pharmacokinetics in rat plasma and tissue distribution in mouse. Twelve male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for pharmacokinetics after intravenous (2 or 10 mg/kg) administration of panasenoside, six rats for each dose. Thirty mice were randomly divided into six groups (five mice for each group, one group for each time point) and received 20 mg/kg of panasenoside by intraperitoneal administration. Calibration plots were in the range of 2–2000 ng/mL for panasenoside in rat plasma and 2–3000 ng/mL in mouse tissues. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of inter-day and intra-day precision was less than 14%. The accuracy was between 89.6% and 110.0%. The AUC(0–t) was 160.8 ± 13.0 and 404.9 ± 78.0 ng/mL*h, and t1/2 of 3.2 ± 1.2 and 4.6 ± 1.7 h, CL (clearance) of 10.0 ± 2.0, and 21.4 ± 2.0 L/h/kg after intravenous administration 2 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg of panasenoside, respectively. The tissue distribution results indicated that the panasenoside diffuses rapidly and widely into major organs. The level of panasenoside was highest in mouse liver, followed by kidney, lung, and spleen. The overwhelming accumulation in liver indicated that liver was responsible for the extensive metabolism.