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  • Author or Editor: Peter Kováč x
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Abstract

The aim of this article is to point out the complicated internal structure of Paleoalpine thrusts of the Western Carpathians and the consequential ambiguous interpretations of the tectonic transport of these tectonic units. The example used here is that of the internal structure of the Križná thrust system in the area of the Demänová and II'anová Valleys in Nízke Tatry Mountains.

The form that the Križná thrust takes is that of three individual thrust sheets. These overthrust each other along differently oriented thrust ramps. The geometry of the ramps influences the direction of the thrust displacement of the individual thrust sheets of the Križná thrust.

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In this paper the author gives a short summary of the question of the late Roman army in Pannonia with special regard to the Notitia Dignitatum and the changes in the military organisation during the 4th-5th centuries. The presence of the foederati in this region was examined again on the basis of antique sources.

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In this paper the author studies the relationship of Christian communities in Pannonia. On the basis of literary (esp. Victorinus of Poetovio) and epigraphical sources it can be stated that the first communities were of Greek origin. The knowledge of Greek can be pointed out in Latin inscriptions as well. Especially the case of Sirmium was studied. In the present paper the author reinterpreted a Greek and a Latin inscription from Sirmium and Savaria as Christians.

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In his preface (M. Annaeus Lucanus: De bello civili. Bibliotheca Teubneriana. Stuttgart, 1988; 1997), D. R. Shackleton Bailey promises to provide the readers with an edition of Lucan which is based on Housman's text and contains certain improvements. In this short paper I would like to confine myself to the discussion of only two problematic passages, which might illustrate that instead of the rationalization we should attempt to find out about the manuscript tradition by examining it rather than labelling it suspicious right away.

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In this paper the author publishes a new Roman grave-altar from Bikács (County Tolna). The richly decorated altar was erected by a peregrine Eraviscus and it can be dated to the first decades of the 2nd century. In eastern Pannonia very few grave-altars are known and this is the first one which was erected to a native father. He still had a Celtic cognomen but his son was called Appius. The find-spot can be found in the southern edge of the civitas Eraviscorum. This region is very poor in inscriptions.

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Marcus Aurelius saved the Roman army in the Barbaricum in the war against the Germans (during the Marcomannic wars) around 172 AD. He followed the various pagan and Christian versions of the lightning and rain miracles. During his work he collected the antique and medieval sources concerning the miracles from the beginning of the 3rd century (Tertullian) to the 14th century. The author examined the possible (and heavily disputed) date of the events and their representations in the Column of Marcus Aurelius.

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