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  • Author or Editor: Ping Liu x
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Abstract  

β-MCM41 composite molecular sieves were hydrothermally synthesized using NaOH treated β zeolite as precursors, and Pt/β-MCM41 bifunctional catalysts were prepared by impregnation. Hβ, desilicated Hβ by NaOH treatment (Dβ), and the physical mixture of Hβ and MCM41 (β+MCM41) were also used as control supports for bifunctional catalysts. All the catalysts were characterized by ICP, XRD, BET, nitrogen adsorption–desorption isotherm and NH3-TPD, and evaluated in the hydroisomerization of n-heptane using an atmospheric fixed bed flow reactor. Dβ, β+MCM41, or β-MCM41 supported Pt catalysts showed higher selectivity to isoheptanes than the counterpart Pt/Hβ did due to the presence of mesopores in addition to the zeolite micropores. Moreover, Pt/β-MCM41 was demonstrated to be a much more selective catalyst among them because the connection between mesopores and micropores accelerated the diffusion of larger molecules of isoheptanes. Under optimal conditions, Pt/β-MCM41 provided a very high selectivity to isomerization of 96.5%, coupled with a considerable high conversion of n-heptane of 56.0%.

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Summary  

The paper focuses on the Top 500 foreign investment corporations (FICs) in China, by conducting data mining and system searching on the data-base of patent from the State Intellectual Property Office of the People's Republic of China (SIPO). Structure of patent applications, industrial distribution of patent applications, monopolistic tendency, technological innovation of Chinese companies and directions of foreign investment are studied.

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Abstract

In order to analyze thermal safety of fireworks and crackers, thermal explosion models of three kinds of sphere fireworks and crackers with different structures are achieved on the basis of thermal explosion theory, and thermal resistance of shell and effective Biot number are deduced as for boundary conditions. Two models are calculated with target-shooting method in Matlab program, and the rationality is proved through comparison of numerical solution and classical solution. Meanwhile, calculation steps are shown about a type of firework. The study has a great significance to thermal safety analysis of fireworks and crackers.

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Abstract  

The kinetic and equilibrium sorption behaviors of Cs+ on mordenite, a zeolite which can sorb cesium well, were investigated by using the batch method. Cesium-137 and the stable CsNO3 were used as tracer and carrier to study the influences on Cs+ sorption behaviors by changing Cs+ initial concentration, pH value, particle size of mordenite and experimental temperature. The equilibrium was reached in 3 days and the saturated amount of cesium sorbed is about 0.19 kg Cs/kg NM. The sorption data at 25°C and 90°C were fitted to Freundlich sorption model and nonlinear isotherms were found. However, linear isotherm was applicable with a Cs+ initial concentration less than 10–3M. The decrease of Cs+ sorption at elevated temperature suggested the sorption reaction was exothermic. The use of centrifugation to separate the liquid from solid phases in traditional batch techniques was not suitable to the kinetic experiment of Cs sorbed by mordenite for lower concentrations.

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Abstract  

Alkaline earth metal (Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) ions were exchanged into Hβ zeolite, which were used as the supports to load the noble metal Pt to prepare bifunctional catalysts for hydroisomerization of n-heptane. The catalysts were characterized by ICP, XRD, BET, NH3-TPD, H2-TPR and H2-chemisorption techniques, and evaluated in an atmospheric fixed bed reactor. The catalysts promoted by the alkaline earth metals are revealed to present much higher selectivity to isomerization than the counterpart Pt/Hβ. Moreover, the Ba-bearing catalyst loaded with 0.4 wt% Pt and 5:1 molar ratio of Ba to Pt gives a very high selectivity to iso-heptanes 95.4% with a considerable high conversion of n-heptane 61.7%. The promotion effect of alkaline earth metals is briefly discussed in relation to characterization data.

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Abstract

The thermokinetic parameters were investigated for cumene hydroperoxide (CHP), di-tert-butyl peroxide (DTBP), and tert-butyl peroxybenzoate (TBPB) by non-isothermal kinetic model and isothermal kinetic model by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal activity monitor III (TAM III), respectively. The objective was to investigate the activation energy (E a) of CHP, DTBP, and TBPB applied non-isothermal well-known kinetic equation to evaluate the thermokinetic parameters by DSC. We employed TAM III to assess the thermokinetic parameters of three liquid organic peroxides, obtained thermal runaway data, and then used the Arrhenius plot to obtain the E a of liquid organic peroxides at various isothermal temperatures. In contrast, the results of non-isothermal kinetic algorithm and isothermal kinetic algorithm were acquired from a highly accurate procedure for receiving information on thermal decomposition characteristics and reaction hazard.

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Abstract  

Effects of pH, Eu(III) concentration, ionic strength, temperature and humic acid (HA) on Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides were investigated in detail. The sorption of Eu(III) to iron oxides was significantly dependent on pH and weakly dependent on ionic strength, and higher temperature was gainful to Eu(III) sorption. In the presence of HA, Eu(III) sorption was enhanced significantly at low pH; whilst obvious negative effect was observed in higher pH range. Below 12 mg/L HA, HA could obviously enhanced Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides, nevertheless Eu(III) sorption decreased steeply with increasing HA while HA exceeded 12 mg/L. The results were helpful for understanding radionuclides behaviors in natural environment.

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Abstract

An efficient and novel method to prepare KNO3/NaY solid base catalysts was developed. High selectivity for phenetole along with high conversion of phenol was obtained in the vapor phase O-alkylation of phenol with diethyl carbonate over KNO3 modified NaY zeolite. Experimental results showed that a large number of basic sites on KNO3/NaY were generated mainly during catalytic evaluation, which was responsible for the outstanding catalytic performance. Furthermore, the excess KNO3 loadings might lead to the blockage of the pores in the NaY zeolite and decrease the catalytic activity.

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Scientometrics
Authors: Yuan Wang, Ruimin Ma, Tianhao Tang, Xia Liu, Ping Xie, Jianxin Wang, Jianxiang Liu, Haideng Zhou, and Siwei Zhang

Abstract

This article explores a method of evaluating the comprehensive competitiveness of American universities in Bridge Engineering, which is beneficial for students’ picking up an ideal university for further study in America. Making use of ESI database, SCI database and EI database as well as the ranking of American universities from U.S. News and World Report, the author evaluates the comprehensive competitiveness of American universities in Bridge Engineering, and then develops the ranking of comprehensive competitiveness of American universities in Bridge Engineering specialty. From the ranking, the author reaches the conclusion that American universities such as University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign and Georgia Institute of Technology and so on, have comparatively higher international influence and competitiveness in the field of Bridge Engineering.

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