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Abstract  

Fingernails of pathologically diagnosed normal people, light esophageal epitheliosis patients, severe esophageal epitheliosis patients and esophageal cancer patients were irradiated and their elemental contents were determined by INAA. Multivariate statistical treatment of Ca, Cl, K. Mg, Se and Zn data shows that esophageal cancer patients are distinguishable from non-cancer patients. The accuracy computed by neural networks is greater than 80%.

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Abstract  

Four new complexes of UO2(II) and Th(IV) with bis-Schiff bases, derived from N,N'-bis[(l-phenyl-3-methyl-5-oxo-4-pyrazolinyl)-a-furylmethylidyne]-1,2-propylenediimine [1,2-BPMOPFP-H2] and N,N'- bis[(l-phenyl-3-methyl-5-oxo-4-pyrazolinyl)-a-furylmethylidyne]-1,3-propylenediimine [1,3-BPMOPFP-H2], were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, UV, 1HNMR spectroscopy, and molar conductivity. The general formula of the complexes was confirmed to be [UO2(BPMOPFP)], [Th(BPMOPFP)(NO3)]NO3. A possible structure for the complexes have been proposed.

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Abstract  

This study describes a highly sensitive and simple method of 169Yb tracing to investigate the uptake of Yb3+ in mouse erythrocyte. The amounts of Yb3+ absorbed by erythrocyte, membrane and cytoplasm at different time were determined after erythrocytes were incubated with 1.0.10-6mol.l-1 169Yb3+ solution at 37°C. The results indicated that Yb3+ absorbed on the membrane was transferred promptly to the cytoplasm during the separation process. The observation of a very low level of Yb3+ in the cytoplasm could not lead to a verdict that Yb3+ could travel across the erythrocyte membrane

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Abstract  

This paper investigates weighted approximations for Studentized U-statistics type processes, both with symmetric and antisymmetric kernels, only under the assumption that the distribution of the projection variate is in the domain of attraction of the normal law. The classical second moment condition E|h(X 1, X 2)|2 < ∞ is also relaxed in both cases. The results can be used for testing the null assumption of having a random sample versus the alternative that there is a change in distribution in the sequence.

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Abstract  

Let X,X 1,X 2,… be a sequence of non-degenerate i.i.d. random variables with mean zero. The best possible weighted approximations are investigated in D[0, 1] for the partial sum processes {S [nt], 0 ≦ t ≦ 1} where S n = Σj=1 n X j, under the assumption that X belongs to the domain of attraction of the normal law. The conclusions then are used to establish similar results for the sequence of self-normalized partial sum processes {S [nt]=V n, 0 ≦ t ≦ 1}, where V n 2 = Σj=1 n X j 2. L p approximations of self-normalized partial sum processes are also discussed.

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Study of the immobilization of226Ra

I. Cement solidification of226Ra waste

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: R. Wang, X. Yang, and Q. Wu

Abstract  

A study of the immobilization for226Ra waste has been carried out. Cement-based concrete was used as a matrix for the solidification of radium waste. The experimental results show that the cement mixture with water/cement between 0.46–0.54 has higher strengh (above 20 MPa), and the compressive strength was not reduced by addition of 1% barite or the radium waste (RaSO4) into the concrete solid.

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Summary

A scaled-up SRCCC apparatus equipped with a 40-L column was constructed on the basis of separations of crude broccoli seed extract and crude radish seed extract using a conventional SRCCC instrument. Scaled-up separation of 500 g of crude broccoli seed extract with n-butanol-acetonitrile-10% (NH4)2SO4 aqueous solution 1:0.5:2 (υ/υ) as solvent system yielded 61.5 g glucoraphanin product of purity 91.2%. Separation of 500 g crude radish seed extract with the same solvents in the ratio 0.5:1:2 (υ/υ) afforded 26.7 g glucoraphenin product of purity 94.5%. Recovery of glucoraphanin and glucoraphenin from the crude extracts was 98.3 and 98.9%, respectively. The results demonstrated that this SRCCC technology is useful for separation of glucosinolates from plant extracts.

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Phenolic extract from banana peel was extracted with 95% ethanol and characterized by LC-TOF-MS/MS. Epicatechin, rutin, 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, myricetin, ferulic acid, chlorogenic acid, and gallic acid were detected in the extract. Cholate test was performed for the initial examination of the hypolipidemic effect of the dietary fibres. The dietary fibres prepared by sequential treatment with sulphuric acid then sodium hydroxide (SST) and sodium hydroxide treatment (SHT) had high water-holding capacities (7.48 and 6.91 g g−1) and swelling capacities (4.8 and 4.3 ml g−1). The dietary fibres prepared by sequential treatment with trypsin then sulphuric acid (TST) and sulphuric acid treatment (SAT) had high oil-holding capacities (5.52 and 5.10 g g−1) and enhanced capacities for sodium cholate adsorption. Results indicated the potentials of banana peel as functional ingredient in food applications.

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Abstract  

The residual fluorine in ammonium uranyl tricarbonate (AUC) cannot be removed, while a large part of residual fluorine in ammonium diuranate (ADU) can be removed, when AUC and ADU are decomposed and reduced under dry hydrogen atmosphere. UO2 was prepared by decomposing and reducing AUC and ADU in dry hydrogen atmosphere. The defluorination kinetics of UO2 at 500–700°C in atmosphere of 50% H2-50% H2O was investigated. The results show that the defluorination kinetics supports the Lindman's assertion that the residual fluorine forms a solid-solution in UO2.

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