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Abstract  

The distribution of the chemical states of tellurium isotopes produced by252Cf spontaneous fission, collected separately in the matrixes of NaCl, Kl, NaF, CH3COONa·3H2O, Na2SO4 and NaNO3 crystals have been investigated. Two chemical states of tellurium isotopes maintained in these matrixes are Te(IV) and Te(VI). The relationships between the distribution of the chemical states of tellurium isotopes and the produced mode of tellurium, the chemical properties of collection matrixes, the time for collecting fission fragments are studied and the possible mechanism of the interactions of the fission products and the matrixes is discussed. The results show that the distribution of chemical states of tellurium isotopes depends on the chemical properties of the collection matrixes mainly.

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Abstract  

Recently Müller [6] introduced the left Gamma quasi-interpolants and obtained an approximation equivalence theorem for them. We show the strong converse inequality of type B for the left Gamma quasi-interpolants.

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Abstract  

The psi function ψ(x) is defined by ψ(x) = Γ′(x)/Γ(x) and ψ (i)(x), for i ∈ ℕ, denote the polygamma functions, where Γ(x) is the gamma function. In this paper, we prove that the functions
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$[\psi '(x)]^2 + \psi ''(x) - \frac{{x^2 + 12}} {{12x^4 (x + 1)^2 }}$$ \end{document}
and
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$\frac{{x + 12}} {{12x^4 (x + 1)}} - \{ [\psi '(x)]^2 + \psi ''(x)\}$$ \end{document}
are completely monotonic on (0,∞).
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Abstract

For a long time, rankings overused in evaluating Chinese universities’ research performance. The relationship between research production and research quality hasn't been taken seriously in ranking systems. Most university rankings in China put more weight on research production rather than research quality. Recently, the developmental strategy of Chinese universities has shifted from ‘quantity’ to ‘quality’. As a result, a two-dimensional approach was developed in this article to balance ‘quantity’ and ‘quality’. The research production index and the research quality index were produced to locate research universities (RU) from Mainland China, Hong Kong (HK) and Taiwan (TW) in the two-dimensional graph. Fifty-nine RU were classified into three categories according to their locations, which indicated the relevant level of research performance. University of Hong Kong, National Taiwan University, Tsing Hua University and Peking University appeared to be leading universities in research performance. The result showed that the mainland universities were generally of higher research production and lower research quality than HK and TW universities, and proved that the merging tides of Chinese universities enlarged their research production while causing a low level of research quality as well.

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Abstract

It is well-documented that harsh environmental conditions influence appetite and food choice. However, the experience of environmental harshness is complex and shaped by several underlying dimensions, notably threats to one's social support, economic prospects, and physical safety. Here, we examined the differential effects of these three dimensions of environmental harshness on desire for specific food items. We first showed 564 participants images of 30 food items. Next, they rated how much they desired each item. The participants were then randomly assigned to a condition where they read one of six scenario stories that described someone's current living conditions. Each scenario story emphasized one of the three dimensions (social support, economic prospects, physical safety), with two levels (safe, harsh). Following this, the participants once again rated how desirable each food item was. The results showed that exposure to cues of low social support and high physical threat reduce the desire to eat, whereas cues of economic harshness had little effect. Further analysis revealed a significant interaction between energy level of different foods and perceived threat to physical safety. These findings are important in helping to understand how current environmental conditions influence changes in appetite and desire for different kinds of food items.

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Abstract  

Two peptide ligands conjugated adenine, [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl diglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG2-Ade] and [9-N-(tritylmercapto acetyl triglycyl aminoethyl) adenine, Tr-MAG3-Ade], are synthesized and labeled with 99mTc by directly labeling method. The stability of 99mTc-MAG2-adenine and 99mTc-MAG3-adenine in vitro is measured. The uptake radios of tumor to muscle at 3h post-injection are 5.70 and 4.92, respectively. The biodistribution and scintigraphic imaging studies show that the two complexes have high localization in tumor and high contrasted tumor images can be obtained, which suggest their potential utility as tumor imaging agents. But the high radioactivity of abdomen could prevent the tumor imaging in this area.

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Abstract  

To increase the tumor uptake of Val-Gly-Gly (VGG), adenine was introduced into the peptide. N-mercaptoacetyl-VGG-adenine (MAVGG-adenine) and MAVGG were labeled with 99mTc using a solution of SnCl2 and tartaric acid as reducing agent. Biodistribution in mice bearing the S180 tumor was measured and γ imaging was performed. Compared with MAVGG, adenine conjugated MAVGG had higher tumor uptake and tumor to normal tissue ratios, which suggested that the tumor uptake property of a peptide may be improved by introducing a nucleotide base. The high contrasted tumor images of 99mTc-MAVGG-adenine also suggested its potential utility as tumor imaging agent.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Guan-Quan Wang, Ji Zhang, Shun-Zhong Luo, Na Wang, Hong-Yuan Wei, Wen-Jin Wang, Yu-Qing Yang, Guo-Ping Liu, and Xiao-Qi Yu

Abstract  

A new nitrido-188Re complex, 188ReN-NEMPTDD, was synthesized through a modified method in high yield. This complex was stable in vitro. The biodistribution in normal mice showed that this ReN complex accumulated in the liver and was eliminated quickly from almost all organs. VX2 carcinoma was grown in the livers of rabbits. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) was performed using 188ReN-NEMPTDD/lipiodol solution. The SPECT images showed that the lipiodol solution could be concentrated in the tumor for about 12 hours. These results indicated that 188ReN-NEMPTDD/lipiodol could be a potential radiopharmaceutical for liver cancer.

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