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  • Author or Editor: R. Bigda x
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Abstract  

On the basis of copper sulphate pentahydrate thermal dissociation, for analyzed reactions I to IV, 6 thermokinetic equations was discussed. Arrhenius law parameters were determined and the isokinetic effect (IE) and Kissinger law appearing was analyzed. It was found that only dependence resulting from isokinetic effect, in the form k m=q/T m, relates to the suitable thermokinetic Eq. (2) and Kissinger law in modified form (14). The confirmation was made that the possibility of determining the averaged activation energy from thermokinetic equations using suitable correction coefficients exists.

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Abstract  

The way of practical using of three-parametric equation transformed into linear relation between relative rate of decomposition and temperature was presented, basing on thermal decomposition of chemically defined and other compounds. Further possibilities of interpretation of that relation were presented. The meaning of slope (a 2) was laid down, particularly with connection to thermodynamic considerations.

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Abstract  

Thermogravimetric analyses of thermal decomposition (pyrolysis, thermal dissociation and combustion) of 9 different samples were carried out in dynamic conditions at different heating rates. The kinetic parameters (E, A and k m) of thermal decomposition were determined and interrelations between the parameters and heating rate q were analyzed. There were also relations between Arrhenius and Eyring equations analyzed for thermal decomposition of solid phase. It was concluded that Eyring theory is an element, which interconnects used thermokinetic equations containing Arrhenius law and suggests considering kinetic quantities in way relative to 3 kinetic constants (E, A and k m). Analysis of quantities other than km (i.e. E, A, Δ+ H, Δ+ S) in relation to heating rate is an incomplete method and does not lead to unambiguous conclusions. It was ascertained that in ideal case, assuming constant values of kinetic parameters (E and A) towards heating rate and satisfying both Kissinger equations, reaction rate constant k m should take on values intermediate between constants (k m)1 and (k m)2 determined from these equations. Whereas behavior of parameters E and A towards q were not subjected to any rule, then plotting relation k m vs. q in the background of (k m)1 and (k m)2 made possible classification of differences between thermal decomposition processes taking place in oxidizing and oxygen-free atmosphere.

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Abstract  

Combustion of brick-shaped carbonaceous materials (carbon deposits from coke oven, coke and electrographite) was carried out in thermobalance in static air. Analysis of kinetics of the process was carried out using both classical (Arrhenius law) and newer (three-parametric equation) methods. In classical approach two types of kinetic equations were used in calculations: differential and integral. The results obtained show that, independently on kinetic variables (α – conversion degree or m – mass of sample) used in differential equations, kinetics of combustion of brick-shaped carbonaceous materials is characterized by only one pair of Arrhenius coefficients: activation energy (E) and pre-exponential constant (A). At the same time the integral equation demonstrates distinction in relation to methods based on differential equations, generating higher activation energies and separate isokinetic effect (IE). Parallel IE shows that kinetic analysis has to encompass activation energy in connection to second coefficient, pre-exponential constant A, depending on assumptions made for kinetic equations. On the other hand three-parametric equation allows describing kinetic of combustion in alternative way using only one experimental value – initial temperature in form of point of initial oxidation (PIO) – and also offers new methods of interpretation of the process.

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