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Abstract  

The binary system Li2CO3–BaCO3 was studied by means of differential thermal analysis (DTA), thermogravimetry (TG) and X-ray phase analysis. The composition of carbonate and CO2 partial pressure influence on the thermal behavior of carbonate were examined. It was shown that lithium carbonate does not form the substitutional solid solution with barium carbonate, however the possible formation of diluted interstitial solid solutions is discussed. Above the melting temperature the mass loss is observed on TG curves. This loss is the result of both decomposition of lithium carbonate and evaporation of lithium in Li2CO3–BaCO3 system. Increase of CO2 concentration in surrounding gas atmosphere leads to slower decomposition of lithium carbonate and to increase the melting point.

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Abstract  

Calorimetric method for the determination of radiation power of the solar-simulated light sources has been proposed. The application of the differential scanning calorimetry guarantees very high sensitivity (1 mW) of the measuring property, independent of the wavelength (within 300-1200 nm). The applied method yields reliable calibration curves of the radiation power vs. wavelength with good accuracy.

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Abstract  

The mutual reactivity in mixtures containing Nasicon (Na3Zr2Si2PO12) or YSZ (ZrO2:Y2O3) solid electrolytes with Li2CO3 or Li2CO3:BaCO3 sensing electrode materials was investigated using simultaneous DTA and TG and ex situ XRD techniques. The uncontrolled chemical reaction is suspected to be responsible for the instability of electrochemical gas sensors constructed from these materials. DTA and TG results obtained for Nasicon-carbonate mixtures indicate the possibility of reaction in the temperature range from about 470 to 650C, which overlaps the sensor operating temperature range (300–525C). The results obtained for YSZ-carbonate mixtures indicate that reaction between carbonate and the ZrO2 takes place at higher temperatures and cannot explain the instability drift of investigated sensors. The mechanism of observed reactions in systems studied is also discussed.

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Abstract  

It has been found that the modified Zhuravlev equation, [(1−α)−1/3−1]2=ktn, which describes the kinetics of oxidation of V2O4 and V6O13 in the temperature range 820–900 K and in the oxygen pressure range 1.0–20 kPa, can be derived via the assumption that the changes in the observed activation energy result from the changing contributions of the two diffusion processes controlling the reaction rate. The values of the observed activation energy are in the range 160–175 kJ mol−1 for V2O4 and 188–201 kJ mol−1 for V6O13 in the scope of the experimental oxygen pressures and temperatures and conversion degrees of 0.1–0.9.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
A. Małecki
,
R. Gajerski
,
S. Łabuś
,
B. Prochowska-Klisch
, and
K. Wojciechowski

Abstract  

A series of six nitrates(V) hydrates of 4d-metals as well as mercury and cadmium thermal decomposition was examined by DTA, TG and EGA techniques. It was found that thermal decomposition of d-metals nitrate(V) hydrates proceeds in three stages: partial dehydration, oxo-nitrates and hydroxide nitrates formation and metal oxides formation. General chemical equations for all decomposition stages were proposed. It was found that dehydration of hydrated salts is accompanied by partial decomposition of nitrate(V) groups.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
A. Małecki
,
A. Małecka
,
R. Gajerski
,
B. Prochowska-Klisch
, and
A. Podgórecka

The mechanism of thermal decomposition of Co(NO3)2 · 2H2O was found to involve stages in which Co(NO3)3 and Co2O3 · H2O are formed both of which decompose to Co3O4. During the process, the total cobalt enters the +3 oxidation state, which is consistent with the results reported by Mehandjiev [2].

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
R. Gajerski
,
A. Maŀeki
,
B. Prochowska-Klisch
, and
M. Weirzbicka

Abstract  

The powders of Ni−P alloys containing 13% of phosphorus were obtained by precipitation from the solution. The oxidation of Ni−P alloys in polythermal conditions was studied. It was found that oxidation of Ni−P alloys goes through stages and that intermediate products of the oxidation are: Ni2P and Ni2P2O7. The final products of oxidation process are NiO and Ni3(PO4)2. The sequence of chemical reactions describing the oxidation of Ni−P alloys was proposed.

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