Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 16 items for

  • Author or Editor: R. Gomes x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The present work reports studies of the thermal behaviour of some anti-hypertensive drugs. Their purities were determined by DSC and specialized pharmacopeial methods. The activation energy values suggest the following sequence of satability: nifedipine>propanolol hydrochloride>captoril. Analysis of the DSC data indicated that the degrees of purity of nifedipine, captopril and propanolol hydrochloride were similar to those found by pharmacopeial methods BP 93 and USP 23. The simplicity, speed and low operational costs of thermal analysis justify its application in the quality control of pharmaceutical drugs.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The objective of this work was to develop and validate a fast and reproducible method to determine the concentration of metronidazole in drug substance and tablets. The samples were analyzed by dynamic thermogravimetry, using 10, 20, 40, 60 and 80C min–1 heating rates in nitrogen and in nitrogen with synthetic air. Obtained data were used in the Antoine and Langmuir equations in order to have the pressure curves. Vapor pressure curves of drug and tablet of metronidazole were evaluated using the mathematical indexes of difference factor, f 1, and similarity factor, f 2, to compare their profiles. The data showed that there is no significant difference between the vapor pressure profiles of drug and tablet of metronidazole in both environmental conditions, which confirms that the process is really vaporization. The concentration of metronidazole was determined in the raw material and tablets of the drug.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The present work proposes evaluation of the gelatinization processes of starch by means of DSC coupled with a photovisual system. The use of DSC, TG and DTA for a fast and efficient evaluation of the starch is suggested. The DSC curves of starch gels with water contents of 20, 30, 40 and 50% (mass/v) exhibited different phase transitions, corresponding to the gelatinization processes at the different water contents for the different lots. The DSC-photovisual system confirmed calorimetric behaviour differences between the starch lots studied.

Restricted access

Abstract  

TG and DSC data were used to determine the thermal parameters of prednisone drug and tablets. Two formulations of prednisone 20 mg were analysed in the form of tablets. The TG curves of prednisone drug and tablets A and B displayed six, eight and seven thermal decomposition processes, respectively. Analysis of the DSC data pointed to chemical interactions between prednisone drug and the excipients of tablets A and B, suggested by alterations in the melting temperature of prednisone. The analysis revealed that prednisone drug is more stable than tablets A and B.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The objective of this work was to develop and validate a fast and reproducible method which is able to determine the concentration of ketoconazole in raw materials and tablets. The samples were analyzed by dynamic thermogravimetry at heating rates of 10, 20, 40, 60 and 80°C min−1 in nitrogen and nitrogen-synthetic air mixture. The concentrations of ketoconazole in the raw material and in the tablets were obtained from the vapor pressure curves. The data showed that there is no significant difference between the vapor pressure profiles of ketoconazole itself and in its tablet in both studied environmental conditions confirming that the process is really vaporization. The concentration of ketoconazole was determined in the raw material and tablets of the drug.

Restricted access

Abstract  

This study demonstrates the thermalanalysis applications in compatibility and stability studies of the propranolol binary mixture sand tablets A and B. The propranolol binary mixtures were prepared in the laboratory and compared to the fully formulated tablets using the thermogravimetric (TG) and calorimetric(DSC) methods. DSC of binary mixtures showed similar phase transition to propranolol drug. The tablets phase transition decreased and there was no detectable significant interaction in propranolol–lactose mixture and tablets. The DSC-photovisual test revealed an interaction similar to the Maillard reaction. The TG isothermal study showed a difference in the profile between the drug and tablets due excipients quality and problems in manufacture process. The kinetic parameters indicated a lower stability for the tablets than propranolol drug. The thermal techniques thermally differentiated the propranolol preparations demonstrating the importance in the design development of pharmaceuticals solid-dosage form.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Co80Nb14B6, Co80Nb12B8 and Co80Nb10B10 amorphous alloys were obtained through the melt-spinning process. The ribbons structure was investigated by X-ray diffractometry and the crystallization process and the thermal stability were studied by means of differential thermal analysis and thermomechanical technique. It was observed that the crystallization temperature depends on the alloy composition and occurs in a temperature range between 420 and 730C. The coercive field of all alloys was determined by magnetic susceptibility measurements, the values of which range from 2.78 to 5.95 A m-1.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The crystallization behavior of Co75-xFexGe15B10 (x=3.0, 4.6 and 6.0) amorphous alloys was monitored by differential thermal analysis and thermo-mechanical analysis. The crystallization process of the melt spun ribbons was interrupted at 450, 525, 650, 800 and 900C and their microstructures were investigated by X-ray diffractometry. It was observed that the crystallization occurs in a sequential mode attributed to the formation of different types of precipitates. It was shown that the crystallization products change as a function of Fe content. After full crystallization, GeFe, Co3B, FeGe2 and Co2Ge compounds were found as well as a Co rich solid solution.

Restricted access