Authors:C. Păcurariu, R. Lazău, I. Lazău, R. Ianoş, and T. Vlase
The influence of the specific surface area on the crystallization processes of two silica gels with different specific surface
areas has been investigated in non-isothermal conditions using DTA technique. The activation energies of the crystallization
processes were calculated using four isoconversional methods: Ozawa-Flynn-Wall, Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose, Starink and Tang.
It has been established that, the decrease of the surface area from S=252.62 m2 g−1, in the case of sample GS2, to S=2.52 m2 g−1, in the case of sample GS1, has determined a slight increase of the activation energy of the crystallization process of the
gels. Regardless of the isoconversional method used, the activation energy (Eα) decreases monotonously with the crystallized fraction (α), which confirms the complex mechanism of gels crystallization.
It has been proved that the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model cannot be applied for the crystallization processes of the studied silica
Authors:C. Păcurariu, R. Lazău, I. Lazău, R. Ianoş, and B. Tiţa
The crystallization mechanism of the glass-ceramics obtained from Romanian (Şanoviţa) basalt in the presence of 3 and 5% CaF2 as nucleation agent has been investigated under non-isothermal conditions using DTA technique. The activation energies of
the crystallization processes were calculated using the Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose, Ozawa-Flynn-Wall, Starink and Tang isoconversional
methods. The monotonous decreases in the activation energy (Ea) with the crystallized fraction (α) confirms the complex mechanism of the glass-ceramics crystallization process. It has
been proved that the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami model cannot be applied for the studied glass-ceramics crystallization process.
Authors:R. Ianoş, C. Păcurariu, I. Lazău, S. Ianoşev, Z. Ecsedi, R. Lazău, and P. Barvinschi
The synthesis of strontium-doped lanthanum chromite, La1−xSrxCrO3 (x=0.1 and 0.3), used as an interconnect material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC), was investigated using two unconventional
synthesis methods: (1) organic precursors’ method based on the thermal conversion of complex combination resulted in the oxidation
reaction of 1,2-ethanediol by La3+, Sr2+ and Cr3+ nitrates; (2) combustion synthesis based on the exothermic redox reaction of La3+, Sr2+ and Cr3+ nitrates with urea and glycine as fuels. We also used a mixture of urea and glycine as fuel. The samples were characterized
by means of thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction.