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  • Author or Editor: R. M. Radojičić x
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We examined the concentrations of vitamin E (vit E), sulphydryl groups (-SH), total protein and protein electrophoretic profiles in the hepatopancreas, the gills and muscle of three freshwater crayfish species: Noble crayfish (Astacus astacus), stone crayfish (Austropotamobius torrentium) and spiny cheek crayfish (Orconectes limosus). Vit E concentration in the hepatopancreas of O. limosus was lower compared to A. astacus, while in the gills of O. limosus it was lower compared to both A. astacus and A. torrentium. The concentration of -SH groups was lower in the hepatopancreas of A. astacus compared to A. torrentium and O. limosus. In the gills of A. astacus and A. torrentium the concentration of -SH groups was higher compared to O. limosus. Protein concentration was higher in the hepatopancreas of A. torrentium compared to A. astacus and O. limosus. A lower protein concentration in muscle of A. torrentium was found compared to O. limosus and A. astacus. Electrophoretic analysis of proteins indicated species and tissue specifities between investigated crayfish species. Our results represent the first study of its kind and provide the basis for future studies that will consider our reported parameters as potential biomarkers for biomonitoring of basic environmental conditions and some anthropogenic impacts.

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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
M Slavić
,
M Slavić
,
M Slavić
,
I Appiah
,
I Appiah
,
I Appiah
,
A Nikolić-Kokić
,
A Nikolić-Kokić
,
A Nikolić-Kokić
,
R Radojičić
,
R Radojičić
,
R Radojičić
,
DR Jones
,
DR Jones
,
DR Jones
,
MB Spasić
,
MB Spasić
,
MB Spasić
,
S Milovanović
,
S Milovanović
,
S Milovanović
,
D Blagojević
,
D Blagojević
, and
D Blagojević

Possible interactions between nitric oxide donors, reactive oxygen species and anti-oxidative defence enzymes led us to determine the activities of anti-oxidative defence enzymes in isolated uterine smooth muscle before and after spontaneous rhythmic activity ex vivo. For our experiments we used isolated uteri from female Wistar rats. Our results showed an increase in total superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Mn SOD activities in uterine smooth muscle after spontaneous contractions when compared with non-exercised uterine smooth muscle. The activity of catalase (CAT) and glutathione preoxidase (GSH-Px) were also increased. No statistically significant changes in the activities of glutathione reductase (GR) and CuZn SOD were found. It is known that an organism's anti-oxidative defence system (guarding against excessive reactive oxygen species generation) requires balanced increments in its individual anti-oxidative enzyme activities rather than increases in the activity of only some enzymes without increases in others. Thus, we may conclude that some adaptive responses are found in exercised uterine smooth muscle but are not complete. Therefore, our results indicate that changes in anti-oxidative enzyme activities may influence the results of the examination of substances ex vivo.

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