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  • Author or Editor: R. Matsushita x
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Abstract  

A simple method has been developed for evaluating the neutron spectrum and the temperature by using U, Sb, Cr, Co and Lu as monitors and successfully applied to the routine analysis. For most of nuclides, amounts determined by the method showed reasonable agreements with those added. However, there have been found several nuclides which gave erroneous results beyond the permissible limits. In the case of128I, the reason for the deviation was found to lie on the normalization factor of -ray abundances that are in common use. This was confirmed by using I2 doped polyacethylene which is a material highly resistant to ionizing radiations.46Sc,175Yb and several other rare earth nuclides are discussed as well.

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Abstract  

Elemental concentrations in Japanese medaka and mosquitofish collected from uncontaminated rivers in Kumamoto, Japan were analyzed by instrumental neutron activation analysis with k 0 standardization method to know the background levels. A statistical analysis indicated the difference in metal concentrations among rivers and species. Background levels of elemental concentrations in some aquatic insect larvae were analyzed and metal concentrations were different among species, though they were collected at the same point. Enrichment factors of heavy metals in insect larvae were in the order of 103−104 suggesting effectiveness of insect larvae as bioindicator.

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Abstract  

In order to improve the accuracy of reactor neutron activation analysis, flux gradients and spectrum changes in the irradiation capsule have been studied at the Kyoto University Reactor (KUR). The flux and spectrum monitoring samples of Fe, Co, Au, Sb, U and Ni were placed at several positions in a polyethylene irradiation capsule of 24 mm inner diameter and 98 mm length, and were irradiated in a pneumatic irradiation facility (Pn-2). The flux gradients were found to be rather negligible in the vertical (axial) direction while they were considerable in the radial one. The flux gradient was around 5%/cm for thermal neutrons and 10%/cm for epithermal and fast neutrons. The spectrum changes were dependent on the materials (polyethylene and silica) filled in the capsule. Based on these observations, the effect of the flux gradients and spectrum changes on the accuracy of reactor neutron activation analysis was discussed.

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