Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 31 items for

  • Author or Editor: R. Natarajan x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

Conventionally composition of the actinide-extractant solvate is assumed to be the same in the unpartitioned organic phase and the formed third phase. For example, if a m:n solvate has formed during extraction, the solvate is expected to be in the same state even during the third phase condition. However contemporary analysis, based on the spectroscopy measurements and empirical observations, has indicated the presence of an extended solvate. In this article, the proposed speciation in nitric acid and U(VI) third phase formation in nn dialkyl amide/dodecane-nitric acid systems has been modeled with empirical correlations.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Thermally stimulated luminescence (TSL) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies on uranium doped calcium phosphate yielded mechanistic information on the observed glow peaks at 365, 410 and 450 K. TSL spectral studies of the glow peaks showed that UO2 2+ acts as the luminescent center. Electron paramagnetic resonance studies on gamma-irradiated samples revealed that the predominant radiation induced centers are H0, PO4 2-, PO3 2- and O- ion. Studies on the temperature dependence studies of the EPR spectra of samples annealed to different temperatures indicate the role of H0 and PO4 2- ions in the main glow peak at 410 K.

Restricted access

Abstract  

An Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) study of radiation induced free radicals in the commonly used detergent powder (Surf), was conducted to examine its potential application for retrospective/high level dosimetry, including possible dating of the accidents. The radical ions present in the irradiated detergent powder were identified as arising predominantly from sodium tri poly phosphate (Na3P5O10) and sodium sulphate (Na2SO4). The physical mixture of sodium tri poly phosphate and sodium sulphate in 4:1 ratio was found to give an ESR response, similar to that of the detergent powder. These results suggest that the detergent powder can be used as a dosimeter in the 20 Gy to 18 kGy dose range, spanning over 3 orders of magnitude. The second derivative ESR spectra of the detergent powder irradiated to different doses showed that the relative yield of the radicals is independent of irradiation dose. The decay pattern of radicals when followed as a function of post irradiation days, lead to the idea about the contrasting decay characteristics of the radicals. From the ESR signals of the irradiated detergent samples, it is shown that radiation dose can be evaluated and the radiation incident can be dated with an accuracy of ±10%.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Electron paramagnetic resonance studies were conducted on synthetic calcium hydroxy apatite samples co-doped with 239Pu and carbonate ion. These investigations were carried out to assess the self-irradiation effects in bone and teeth on exposure to plutonium, as calcium hydroxy apatite is the major constituent of bone and teeth. On self-irradiation, in addition to the signal from O- ion arising from the radiolysis of hydroxide ion, EPR signals due to CO2 -, PO2 2- and another signal assigned to surface O- ions were observed in the samples. In freshly quenched gamma irradiated samples, signals from CO3 -, O- , PO2 2- and O2 - ions were observed. The EPR signal of O2 - ion shows a doublet splitting suggesting that O2 - ion gets preferentially stabilized close to Pu4+. The radiation damage due to Pu4+ at Ca2+ sites, in the sample appears to be lower as compared to that due to external gamma-irradiation. Moreover, the alpha-dose in 239Pu doped samples has self-annealing effects. These are attributed to localized radiation damage due to alpha-particles compared to evenly distributed radical ions produced due to gamma-irradiation.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) is the workhorse of solvent extraction operations in nuclear fuel cycle as well as an important industrial chemical. Its PVT properties are not available in literature. In this study, PVT properties of TBP, estimated using group contribution method, are reported. Wagner constants were also reported in the range of 273.15 K to critical temperature.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The transport of hydrochloric acid across a supported liquid membrane using Aliquat 336 in xylene as a carrier was studied. The effect of carrier concentration (0.1–0.6M) on the transportation of hydrochloric acid with and without phase modifier was investigated. The study indicated that the flux of transportation decreased with increasing carrier concentration in the absence of phase modifier. In the presence of phase modifier, however, the flux increased up to 0.2M carrier concentration and started decreasing afterwards. The transportation behavior of hydrochloric acid with and without phase modifier has been attributed to the tendency of aggregation of the carrier.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Acetohydroxamic acid (AHA) is an important complexant/reductant for Pu(IV) in the UREX process. It decomposes in the presence of nitric acid. In literature, its decomposition kinetics in nitric acid is traditionally reported as pseudo-first order reaction. In this study, new experimental data were reported for kinetics experiments under wide consecration conditions. It was found that the decomposition reaction was first order with respect to both the components hence overall second order.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Urea-adduct process is commercially used to selectively separate n-alkanes from industrial hydrocarbon mixtures. Authors have explored application of this method for recovery of n-alkane based diluents from spent PUREX/UREX solvent. Traditionally this separation is performed by vacuum distillation, an energy-intensive process. The proposed method is simple and does not involve either exotic chemicals or complex processing steps. Application of urea-adduct process for recovery of diluent from spent solvent is reported here possibly first time in literature. Physical properties such as densities, viscosities and vapour pressure for irradiated organic solutions were also measured and reported.

Restricted access

Abstract  

N,N,N′,N′-Tetraoctyl-3-oxapentanediamide (TODGA) is a versatile extractant for partitioning of fission products from highly active raffinate wastes. Its PVT properties are not available in literature. In this work, PVT properties of TODGA, estimated using group contribution method, are reported. A corresponding-states based equation as well as Wagner constants were also reported in the range of 273.15 K to critical temperature.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Hydroxyurea and its derivatives are important nonsalt forming reductants in partitioning of uranium and plutonium in the nuclear fuel reprocessing operations. There is no experimental data available in open literature describing pressurization due to the thermal decomposition of aqueous and nitric solutions of hydroxyurea at elevated temperatures. Authors studied thermal decomposition of hydroxyurea-nitric acid system and resultant pressurization at various concentrations of nitric acid in an adiabatic calorimeter in closed-vent conditions. During these experiments, pressurization was observed. In this paper, results of these experiments have been discussed.

Restricted access