Authors:B. Meena, R. Radhajeyalakshmi, P. Vidhyasekaran and R. Velazhahan
Changes in activities of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase,chitinase,ß-1,3-glucanase and phenolic content in rice leaves were measured at different times after treatment of leaves with Pseudomonas fluorescens strain Pf1.When rice leaves were sprayed with P.fluorescens,substantial increase in the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity was observed 1 day after treatment.Following increase of the first enzyme of the phenylpropanoid pathway,phenolic content of rice leaves also increased to a maximum at 4 days after P.fluorescens treatment.Chitinase activity increased in rice leaves in response to application of P.fluorescens and the maximum enzyme activity was observed 3 days after treatment.ß-1,3-Glucanase activity also increased significantly from 1 day after P.fluorescens treatment and continued to increase through 7 days.A five-fold increase in glucanase activity was observed 7 days after P.fluorescens treatment.
Authors:R. Radhajeyalakshmi, K. Yamunarani, K. Seetharaman and R. Velazhahan
Seed extracts of pearl millet, sorghum, Japanese barnyard millet, foxtail millet, samai and proso millet were evaluated in vitro for their ability to inhibit the growth of Rhizoctonia solani, Macrophomina phaseolina and Fusarium oxysporum. Among them, seed extracts of pearl millet and sorghum were highly effective in inhibiting the growth of all three examined phytopathogenic fungi. The seed extracts were tested for the presence of thaumatin-like proteins (TLPs) by Western blot analysis using bean TLP antiserum. Results of Western blot analysis indicated the presence of a 23-kDa TLP in seeds of pearl millet, sorghum and Japanese barnyard millet. The 23-kDa TLP was more abundant in the seeds of pearl millet. The distribution of TLP in various parts of pearl millet was analyzed by Western blotting. The results indicated that the 23 kDa TLP was predominantly expressed in seeds and inflorescence of pearl millet.