By means of thermo-dielectric analysis, some natural and synthetic zeolites were studied (clinoptilolite, mordenite,X, Y andA). The results indicate the existence of two effects, one related to water evolution, reflected in a decrease of dielectric constant; the second peak is related to ionic conduction at high temperature. Both peaks characterize zeolites, in thermo-dielectric analysis.
Dithionates (CaS2O6·4H2O, SrS2O6·4H2O, BaS2O6·2H2O, MnS2O6·4H2O, MgS2O6·6H2O, CoS2O6·6H2O, NiS2O6·6H2O, ZnS2O6·6H2O and CuS2O6·4H2O) were subjected to thermodielectric analysis. The thermoanalytical curves show low temperature effects from 60 to 350°. These are related with the dehydration and decomposition of the dithionates, which could be fully correlated with the knowledge of the thermal behavior of these compouds obtained with other thermal methods.
The method of thermodielectrical analysis registers in its thermogram a low temperature effect (50–350°) related with the polarization of water or other sorbed phase and cationic polarization, and a high temperature effect (400–900°) which is fundamentally related with cationic conduction. In the present report with the help of the measurement of the dielectrical permittivity of powders of homoionic zeolites was shown the role of cationic polarization in the determination of the intensity of the first thermal effect registered in thermodielectrical analysis.