Radiation-induced decomposition of tributyl phosphate-nitric acid as a two-component system has been studied. Degradation products, dibutylphosphoric acid (DBP) and monobutylphosphoric acid (MBP), were determined by separation-extraction method. 0.59, 0.78 and 1.38 are the G (DBP) values and 0.15, 0.17 and 0.13 are the G (MBP) values obtained for pure TBP, TBP-3M HNO3 extract and TBP-5M HNO3 extract, respectively. G (–HNO3) values are 5.19 and 6.15 for 3M HNO3 and 5M HNO3 extracts. It is shown that nitric acid plays a significant role in enhancing the decomposition of TBP.
Authors:N. Chaudhuri, R. Sampathkumar, and R. Iyer
Analysis of fissile materials in solution by fission track registration technique has been extended to plutonium in solution
of its alloys. In these estimations, the results agreed within 1–4% with the average of those obtained by other chemical and
instrumental methods like potentiometry, mass-spectrometry and X-ray fluorescence. Some special practical problems encountered
in the analysis of plutonium solutions are noted. Various factors affecting the results have been investigated and the necessary
precautions for reducing these errors have been indicated. The advantages of the method over some other conventional methods
have also been discussed. It is suggested that a source of about 10 μg of252Cf corresponding to a neutron flux of about 107 n·cm−2·sec−1 is ideal for these experiments.