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  • Author or Editor: R. Yavari x
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Abstract  

Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) oxidized by nitric acid solution were used to investigate the adsorption behavior of strontium from aqueous solutions similar to the nuclear waste media. The physical properties of both as produced and oxidized MWCNTs were studied by Boehm’s titration method and nitrogen adsorption/desorption. The results showed that the surface properties of MWCNTs such as specific surface area, functional groups and the total number of acid sites were improved after oxidation. Furthermore, the effect of solution conditions such as initial concentration of strontium(II), pH, ionic strength, MWCNT concentration and contact time were studied at room temperature. The results of this study showed that the adsorption of strontium(II) was significantly influenced by the pH value and the solution ionic strength. According to the Langmuir model, the maximum adsorption capacities of strontium(II) onto the as produced and oxidized MWCNTs were obtained as 1.62 and 6.62 mg g−1, respectively. The contact time to reach equilibrium was 100 min. The good adsorption of strontium(II) on oxidized MWCNTs at the lower ionic strength, the relatively high pH and the short equilibrium time indicate that the oxidized MWCNTs have great potential applications in the field of the environmental protection.

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Abstract  

Preparation conditions of composite ion-exchanger based on stannic molybdophosphate (SMP) and poly-acrylamide (PAA) have been described. Batch distribution coefficients for some ions were investigated at 25 °C. Sodium ion exchange capacity and breakthrough curves of cesium and strontium ions have also been determined. The results obtained from the experiments showed that the selectivity of SMP-PAA for cesium and strontium was greater than for other ions. Adsorption amounts of both ions were higher than 99% in demineralized water and their uptake rate were relatively rapid.

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Abstract  

Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were modified by nitric acid solution and then used to study the adsorption of cesium from aqueous solution using a batch technique under ambient conditions. As produced and oxidized MWCNTs were characterized by nitrogen adsorption/desorption, Boehm’s titration method and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical properties of MWCNTs such as functional groups, total number of acid sites and specific surface area were greatly improved after oxidation, and these were responsible for more sorption of cesium from aqueous solution and made them more dispersible in water. The adsorption of cesium ions as a function of contact time, initial concentration of cesium, pH, ionic strength and oxidized MWCNT concentrations was also investigated. The results showed that cesium adsorption percentage strongly depended on the pH value, oxidized MWCNT content and on the solution ionic strength. Kinetic data indicated that the adsorption process achieved equilibrium within 80 min. Equilibrium data for as produced and oxidized MWCNTs was well described by both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. The dominant mechanism of cesium adsorption on oxidized MWCNTs may be mainly attributed to ion exchange. This study suggests that oxidized MWCNTs can be a promising candidate for the removal of cesium from nuclear waste solution.

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Abstract  

This study investigates uptake of cesium and strontium from aqueous solution similar to nuclear waste on three samples of titanium molybdophosphate (TMP) synthesized under various conditions. Effects of concentration of sodium nitrate, pH and contact time on the uptake of cesium and strontium have been studied by bath method. The results showed that TMP has high affinity toward cesium and strontium at pH > 2 and relatively low concentration of sodium nitrate. Kinetic data indicated that cesium uptake process to achieve equilibrium was faster than strontium. Cesium and strontium breakthrough curves were examined at 25 °C using column packed with H3O+ form of TMP and breakthrough curves showed symmetrical S-shaped profiles. At the same time, the calculated breakthrough capacity for cesium was higher than strontium. The results of desorption studies showed that over 99% of cesium and strontium was washed out of column by using 4 M NH4Cl solution. This study suggests that TMP can have great potential applications for the removal of strontium and specially cesium from nuclear waste solution.

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Summary  

Samples of a new inorganic ion-exchanger thorium tungstophosphate have been prepared under various conditions. The ion exchange capacity, IR, XRD, thermogravimetry and sorption of the radionuclides have been studied. Separation of Sr-Nd, Sr-Ce, Cr-Mo and Cs-Nd have been developed on columns of this ion-exchanger.

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Abstract  

Five different samples of a new sorbent, modified mesoporous cerium(IV) silicate have been prepared with various mole ratios of Si/Ce and Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTMABr) as template. XRD, nitrogen sorption, SEM, IR, thermogravimetry and sorption of radionuclides have been studied. Separation of Hg(II)-Th(IV), Hg(II)-Zr(IV) and Rb(I)-Zr(IV) have been developed on columns of this novel sorbent.

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