The aim of this study was to ascertain the possible effect of journal self-citations on the increase in the impact factors
of journals in which this scientometric indicator rose by a factor of at least four in only a few years. Forty-three journals
were selected from the Thomson—Reuters (formerly ISI) Journal Citation Reports as meeting the above criterion. Eight journals
in which the absolute number of citations was lower than 20 in at least two years were excluded, so the final sample consisted
of 35 journals. We found no proof of widespread manipulation of the impact factor through the massive use of journal self-citations.