The titles of scientific articles have a special significance. We examined nearly 20 million scientific articles and recorded
the development of articles with a question mark at the end of their titles over the last 40 years. Our study was confined
to the disciplines of physics, life sciences and medicine, where we found a significant increase from 50% to more than 200%
in the number of articles with question-mark titles. We looked at the principle functions and structure of the titles of scientific
papers, and we assume that marketing aspects are one of the decisive factors behind the growing usage of question-mark titles
in scientific articles.
Supplying library users with literature by a seamless linking of media is the goal of (scientific) libraries. By the digitization
of primary and secondary data and the convergence of products and providers, libraries have already come very close to achieving
this ideal. A digital library is the realization of this goal. However, many librarians are in danger of running out of imagination.
What will come after the digital library? Will information professionals still be needed? What services can libraries offer?
Bibliometric analysis is an example of new business areas in libraries. This paper will discuss what shape this service could
take in practice, who needs it and what target groups exist in the scientific environment. Concrete examples of bibliometric
analysis from the Central Library of Research Centre Jlich will round off the overview.
Authors:Rafael Ball, Bernhard Mittermaier and Dirk Tunger
A form of normalisation is presented for the evaluation of citation data on multidisciplinary research. This method is based
on the existing classification according to the publishing journals and not on the classification of output according to ISI
subject categories. A publication profile is created for each institution to be investigated. This profile accounts for the
weight of publications in a journal, represented by the number of publications as a proportion of the total output of the
institution. In accordance with this weight, the citation rate of each journal is compared to a qualified relative indicator.
The final result is a relative citation rate J, which is the relative perception of the performance of an institution accounting
for its publication and citation habits and makes a transdisciplinary comparison possible.