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  • Author or Editor: Rosilda Selvin x
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Abstract  

In the present study, non-conventional solid acid catalysts such as NaY, metal ion exchanged zeolite NaY (Zn2+, Fe3+, Ce3+, La3+ and Nd3+), H-mordenite, H-β and HZSM-5 were used in order to overcome the disadvantages of conventional Friedel-Crafts catalysts for the acylation of anisole with acetic anhydride. Among the various zeolites studied, the HY zeolite shows an intermediate activity. Zeolite containing transition metal ions (Zn2+ and Fe3+) are less active and zeolite NaY is nearly inactive. The catalysts exhibit the activity in the order H-β>transition metal ions (Zn2+ and Fe3+)>HY>NaY zeolite. The highest catalytic activity of H-β could be due to its larger pore size. The type of acidity and the acid strength in zeolite Y were determined by FTIR and differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) studies on the pyridine adsorbed catalysts. The correlation of catalytic activity with acidity reveals that Brönsted acid sites in zeolite promote the acylation of anisole.

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Abstract  

Phenol is industrially produced by the Hock process, in which cumene hydroperoxide (CHP) is decomposed with sulfuric acid to obtain equimolar amounts of phenol and acetone. Use of the liquid acid requires subsequent neutralization and purification of the phenol at substantial cost, and a waste stream generation that could be avoided if an effective solid acid catalyst could be used. Modified clays exhibit attractive properties as solid acids. Acid treatment produces an increase in surface area and acidity. The present study was undertaken to modify bentonite clay by treatment with hydrochloric acid for the production of phenol and acetone via the decomposition of cumene hydroperoxide. The effects of various parameters such as acid activation, catalyst weight, concentration of CHP, reaction temperature and reusability of catalyst were studied. The results indicate that the acid-modified bentonite catalyst may be used instead of sulfuric acid for selective decomposition of CHP into phenol and acetone.

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