The extraction properties of Th/IV/, Pa/V/, U/VI/ and Np from nitric acid solutions into 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoylpyrazolone-5 /PMBP/ in toluene were studied, using singlestep batch and continuous H-centrifuge methods. The effects of acid and extractant concentration, temperature and phase contact time on the extraction were investigated.
Thirty-day-old plants of Lens culinaris (L.) Medic. cv. Pusa-6 were sprayed with 10-10, 10-8 or 10-6 M aqueous solutions of 28-homobrassinolide (HBR). Root length and nodule number per plant decreased, whereas the leaf nitrate reductase activity (E.C. 220.127.116.11) at 60, 90 and 120 days after sowing and the seed yield at harvest increased significantly in plants sprayed with either concentration of HBR. The values increased at first with an increase in the concentration of HBR but decreased with a further increase above 10-8M, which proved best for improving seed production.
The use of a naturally available Lateritic Soil (LS) for the removal of mercury from industrial effluents has been investigated. Adsorption of Hg on LS from aqueous solution is reported, describing the effect of equilibration time, hydrogen ions, adsorbent and adsorbate concentration. The contact time required is less than two minutes and adsorption capacity is 15 g/kg.
Authors:M. U. Rajput, S. Ahmad, M. Ahmad, and W. Ahmad
This study provides useful information about the level and chemical composition of particulate matter and about the possible
sources of the aerosol pollutant in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. Atmospheric aerosol samples were collected during
winter (January and February) 1995, from two locations of Islamabad, namely of Sector F-7 and Sector I-9. Twenty-four elements
were detected by using thermal neutron activation analysis (NAA) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). The concentration
of total suspended particulates (TSP) in the area around the industrial sector (I-9) was found to be more than twice higher
(297 μg/m3) than in the Sector F-7 (133 μg/m3). The enrichment factor analysis revealed Zn, As, Br, Sb, I and Pb, originated mainly from anthropogenic sources. The elemental
ratio analysis indicated that both Sectors I-9 and F-7 are under the influence of coal burning processes whereas transportation
is responsible for the toxic pollutants Pb and Br. The present results were discussed and compared with those of the literature.
The results may also serve as base line level as this work employed samples collected in 1995 and many of the air environmental
change factors occurred after the sampling year.
Authors:S. Ahmad, A. Mannan, I. Qureshi, S. Khan, and I. Ahmad
A rapid and simple method for the determination of iodine from water has been described which is based on preconcentration of iodine with 0.1M solution of 4-(5-nonylpyridine) in benzene or carbon tetrachloride from 1–2M HNO3 followed by neutron irradiation and gamma-ray activity measurements. A clinical survey of endemic goitrous area has also been made to find a possible correlation between the endemic goiter and iodine deficiency in water.
Instrumental neutron activation analysis has been used to evaluate potentially toxic trace element concentrations in twenty-three individual food items commonly consumed in a high altitude region (Kashmir) as a continuation of our previous study. Elemental intake levels of As, Br, Hg, Sb, and Se per person per day in meat, poultry, food grains, vegetables, fruits and milk have been calculated to assess the safety of dietary intake of these items. The dietary intake values have also been compared to the RDA levels. The data will provide the base-line levels of toxic elements in food items of this region. It will also help the dieticians to formulate safe and adequate diets for the residents of this region.
A solvent extraction procedure for rapid separation of uranium from complex nuclear reaction product mixtures is suggested. The procedure has been tested in batch experiments with tracer amounts of representative elements. It has also been tested with fission products and uranium tracer using the continuous chemical separation system SISAK at the Mainz TRIGA reactor.
The concentration of 15 elements in various brands of cigarette tobacco and cigarette wrapping paper were determined using
instrumental neutron activation analysis. The paper of some of the brands contains higher concentrations of toxic elements
than the tobacco. The cigarette filter and the ash were also analyzed to determine the adsorption of toxic elements on the
filter and their transference in smoke. The toxic effects of some of the elements have been briefly discussed.
A procedure has been developed for the determination of thoirum and uranium in ores and geological materials. The technique
is relatively simple, accurate and adaptable routinely. Gamma-ray peak interferences are discussed in detail and the usefulness
of the multiple gamma-ray peak ratios in the determination of the purity of peaks has been explained. The precision and accuracy
of the method have been determined by analysing IAEA and NBL Standard thorium/uranium ores.