This work reports a study on the synergistic extraction of cobalt(II), spiked with60Co from hydrochloric acid solutions by mixtures of trioctylamine (TOA) and neutral organophosphorous donors into carbon tetrachloride.
Synergistic coefficients and adduct formation constants have been evaluated from distribution measurements and correlated
with the basic character of donors.
Solvent extraction of Zr(IV) from aqueous HCl solutions by mixtures of TOA and different organophosphorous bases in carbontetrachloride
solvent have been found to be always higher than that by any single extractant. Synergism has been observed in the range of
2.4–9.6M HCl. Although the species extracted with neutral donor alone seems to be ZrCl4·TOPO etc, with a mixture of extractants, however, the extracted species appears to be Q2ZrCl6·TOPO where Q is R3NH. The extraction has also been found to increase with increase in the concentration of amines and neutral donors. Enhancement
of extraction has been explained by the formation of a complex adduct in organic phase. Synergistic coefficients and apparent
formation constants of the complex adducts have also been calculated.
Synergistic effect of neutral donors like tri-butyl phosphate (TBP), triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO), trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) on the extraction of uranium(VI) by tri-isooctyl amine into CCl4 is reported. Synergistic coefficients and adduct formation constants are calculated from distribution data and correlated with relative donor abilities of added bases.
Liquid-liquid extraction of zirconium(IV) was investigated from dilute hydrochloric acid medium by salicyaldoxime (HA) in dichloromethane. The metal was spiked with 95Zr and analyzed by its radioactivity. The effects of different donors, like trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO), tributyl phosphine oxide (TBPO), tributyl phosphate (TBP), trioctyl amine (TOA) and Amberlite LA-2 were studied. The adduct formation constants for both binary species (metal-ligand) and ternary species (metal-ligand-donor) were also calculated form the distribution data.
A selective and quantitative extraction method for uranium(VI) in presence of aqueous 20% lithium nitrate solution (pH 3) using 0.1M Adogen-464 (a quaternary ammonium salt) in chloroform medium, has been described. Uranium was subsequently determined by spectrophotometric method. The effects of different parameters on the extraction behaviour are reported. The method was applied in the trace determination of uranium in few ores.
Zirconium phosphate as ion exchanger suitable for column operation has been prepared by mixing hot metaphosphoric acid solution
with a solution of zirconium oxychloride when the white insoluble phosphate separated out which was dried and purified. The
ratio of zirconium: phosphate was found to be 1:2. Separation of parent-daughter systems like115Cd-115mIn,144Ce-144Pr and210Pb-210Bi were carried out with this exchanger. γ-ray spectrum of the separated115mIn and the β-decay curve of144Pr and210Bi showed that all the daughter activities are radiochemically pure. The separation process in each case takes less than half
an hour and the yield is quantitative.
A substoichiometric radiochemical extraction method has been developed for the determination of cerium employing a chelating agent -hydroxy-naphthaldoxime, dissolved in isoamyl alcohol. The reagent was synthesised and characterised in our laboratory. The method developed was utilized to determine the cerium content of some natural samples.
Determination of mercury (II) by substoichiometric extraction with malonic anilide into a mixture of ether and MIBK is reported. The method has been applied in the estimation of the metal in industrial effluents.
Seperation of few carrier-free daughter isotopes from their respective parents, e.g.,132I from132Te,140La from140Ba and234Th from238U, using Adogen-464, a high molecular weight quaternary ammoaium salt by reversed phase extraction chromatographic technique is reported.
The use of Amberlite-LA-2, a high molecular weight secondary amine, for the radiochemical solvent extraction of Ag(I) present as anionic thiosulfato complex at pH 3 is described. The effects of different parameters on the extraction and preconcentration have been studied in detail. The method was successfully applied in the determination of silver in several synthetic mixutres and also in a few medicinal samples.