Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 29 items for

  • Author or Editor: S. Basu x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

This work reports a study on the synergistic extraction of cobalt(II), spiked with60Co from hydrochloric acid solutions by mixtures of trioctylamine (TOA) and neutral organophosphorous donors into carbon tetrachloride. Synergistic coefficients and adduct formation constants have been evaluated from distribution measurements and correlated with the basic character of donors.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Solvent extraction of Zr(IV) from aqueous HCl solutions by mixtures of TOA and different organophosphorous bases in carbontetrachloride solvent have been found to be always higher than that by any single extractant. Synergism has been observed in the range of 2.4–9.6M HCl. Although the species extracted with neutral donor alone seems to be ZrCl4·TOPO etc, with a mixture of extractants, however, the extracted species appears to be Q2ZrCl6·TOPO where Q is R3NH. The extraction has also been found to increase with increase in the concentration of amines and neutral donors. Enhancement of extraction has been explained by the formation of a complex adduct in organic phase. Synergistic coefficients and apparent formation constants of the complex adducts have also been calculated.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Liquid-liquid extraction of zirconium(IV) was investigated from dilute hydrochloric acid medium by salicyaldoxime (HA) in dichloromethane. The metal was spiked with 95Zr and analyzed by its radioactivity. The effects of different donors, like trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO), tributyl phosphine oxide (TBPO), tributyl phosphate (TBP), trioctyl amine (TOA) and Amberlite LA-2 were studied. The adduct formation constants for both binary species (metal-ligand) and ternary species (metal-ligand-donor) were also calculated form the distribution data.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Synergistic effect of neutral donors like tri-butyl phosphate (TBP), triphenyl phosphine oxide (TPPO), trioctyl phosphine oxide (TOPO), and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) on the extraction of uranium(VI) by tri-isooctyl amine into CCl4 is reported. Synergistic coefficients and adduct formation constants are calculated from distribution data and correlated with relative donor abilities of added bases.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Radiochemical separations of carrier-free210Bi and UX1 activities from210Pb and U, respectively, have been carried out using a silica gel column.210Pb was adsorbed in the column as molybdate and210Bi passed unadsorbed. Lead activity was next removed with 25 ml of 0.1 M HNO3. In the case of separation of UX1, the coloured carbonate complex of U was removed from the silica surface by washing with saturated sodium carbonate solution, keeping UX1 retained, and finally UX1 was washed out with 25 ml of conc. HNO3. Studies of the beta decay of210Bi and the γ-spectrum analysis of UX1 has shown that the separated products in both cases are of high radiochemical purity. The processes in each case took less than one hour and the yield was satisfactory.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Zirconium phosphate as ion exchanger suitable for column operation has been prepared by mixing hot metaphosphoric acid solution with a solution of zirconium oxychloride when the white insoluble phosphate separated out which was dried and purified. The ratio of zirconium: phosphate was found to be 1:2. Separation of parent-daughter systems like115Cd-115mIn,144Ce-144Pr and210Pb-210Bi were carried out with this exchanger. γ-ray spectrum of the separated115mIn and the β-decay curve of144Pr and210Bi showed that all the daughter activities are radiochemically pure. The separation process in each case takes less than half an hour and the yield is quantitative.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A new way of radiochemical separation of carrier-free115mIn from115Cd and132I from132Te over the column of zirconium oxide is described. Activities of Cd and In in equilibrium in dilute acetic acid solution were bufferred with dilute sodium acetate and fed into the column at a pH 7, when cadmium activity passed out unadsorbed and the115mIn was adsorbed in the column. A study of the γ-ray peak of the separated115mIn showed that the product is of high radionuclidic purity. Te-I pair was separated by passing the weakly acidic solution of132Te and132I in the presence of AgNO3 and Na2SO3, through the column where both activities were adsorbed. Iodine was washed outh with 5% sodium thiosulphate solution and the retained tellurium activity was later washed out with 6M HNO3. The β-decay study showed that the separated132I product is of high radiochemical purity. The processes took less than half an hour and the yields were quantitative.

Restricted access

Abstract  

A substoichiometric radiochemical extraction method has been developed for the determination of cerium employing a chelating agent -hydroxy-naphthaldoxime, dissolved in isoamyl alcohol. The reagent was synthesised and characterised in our laboratory. The method developed was utilized to determine the cerium content of some natural samples.

Restricted access

Abstract  

Determination of mercury (II) by substoichiometric extraction with malonic anilide into a mixture of ether and MIBK is reported. The method has been applied in the estimation of the metal in industrial effluents.

Restricted access