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Abstract  

A number of samples of sodium phosphate glasses doped with Cd/Co or Ag chlorides were prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction, IR spectral, ion transport and DSC studies. It was found from DSC studies that the glass transition temperature (T g) and crystallization temperature (T c) values increased with the increasing concentrations of the dopants Cd or Co chlorides. However, the T g and T c values were found to decrease when the AgCl was taken as the dopant and the following sequence is observed: T g(CoCl2)>T g(CdCl2)>T g(AgCl); T c(CoCl2)>T c(CdCl2)>T c(AgCl) These results have been discussed and explained on the basis of changes in the structure of sodium phosphate glassy matrix by the addition of different cations as dopants.

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Abstract  

99Mo and187W have been separated by reversed phase extraction chromatographic technique, using 1M TOA impregnated on kieselguhr in a column and 4N HCl, respectively, as stationary and mobile phase.

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Abstract  

The influence of micelles, formed by the aggregation of nonionic surfactant molecules, on positronium formation (combination of e and e+) probability is discussed in the light of radiation chemical phenomenon at the end part of the radiation track. The contribution due to the parapositronium/narrow-component intensity in the presence of micellar aggregation and further structural reorganization constitutes important aspects of the ortho-para conversion process.

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Abstract  

A simple solvent extraction procedure for an effective separation of traces of tantalum from rock phosphate samples has been developed and used in its determination through neutron activation analysis. The tantalum contents in the samples were found to be about 3.10−7%.

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Abstract  

Studies on the distribution of various oxidation states of recoil sulphur formed by35Cl(n, p)35S reaction in the alkali halides, namely, NaCl, KCl and RbCl have been made. A suitable anion exchange method using Amberlite IRA-410 in the chloride form has been described for rapid separation of the various radiosulphur species. The elution was carried out by means of nitrate solutions. The observed results on the effect of cation environment in affecting the distribution of radioactive sulphur amongst its various oxidation states were discussed on the basis of electron affinity and ionic size of the metal ion in question.

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Abstract  

A simple method to prepare57Fe enriched K4[Fe(CN)6] and K3[Fe(CN)6] is described. The yields of the products are much better than those reported in the literature so far. The enrichment is essential for57Fe Mössbauer investigation in a variety of Prussiate type complexes and other inorganic compounds which are conveniently prepared from K4[Fe(CN)6] and K3[Fe(CN)6]. K4[Fe(CN)6] was obtained by reacting freshly prepared Fe(OH)3 with glacial acetic acid and treating with iron acetate in boiling aqueous solution of KCN. The novel feature of the procedure to obtain K3[Fe(CN)6] is that the oxidation of K4[Fe(CN)6] has been carried out in the solid state by passing chlorine gas over the powdered specimen. K3[Fe(CN)6] was crystallised from alkaline solution of this oxidised powder. The compounds were characterised by Mössbauer spectroscopy.

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Abstract  

The absorption behavior of Te and Sb in different oxidation states by anion exchange resins in hydrochloric acid medium has been studied. Distribution coefficients for Te(IV), Te(VI) as a function of HCl acid concentration (upto 3M HCl) have been determined. The absorbability for Sb(III) was noticed to be very high and could not be eluted out of the column using HCl as eluent. Sb(V) could be eluted quantitatively using 3M HCl. The present study clearly indicate that due to the EC/β+ decay of the parent isotopes117,118Te, the daughter nuclei117,118Sb are produced predominantly as Sb(III).

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Abstract  

A method for the separation of carrier-free arsenic from bulk amount of germanium has been developed.74,73As has been produced through the reactionnatGe(p,xn)47,73As with 13 MeV protons obtained from Variable Energy Cyclotron, Calcutta. The separation is performed by the distillation of Ge followed by anion exchange separation of As(V) using Dowex 1×8 anion exchange resin. The overall chemical yield is found to be (87±3%).

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Abstract  

Hafnium ion forms a strong complex with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA). But there is a controversy about the nature of the complex on whether it is a 1:1 or a 1:2 complex. We have carried out an electrophoresis experiment and supplemented data to establish the nature of the complex. Our data indicates that it is a 1:2 complex i.e. [Hf(NTA)2]2- in which the coordination number 8 has been satisfied for hafnium.

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