The status of physics research in India and China has been examined by using bibliometric indicators. The study is based on
publication data drawn fromINSPEC-Physics for 1990 and 1995. China is ahead of India in terms of publication output. It ranks 7th in the world, whereas India is placed
at 10th position. China is also ahead of India in terms of growth in its publications appearing particularly in the SCI (Science Citation Index) indexed journals. Despite its second position in publication count, India leads China in terms of average impact per paper
computed using data on impact factor of the citing journals. It maintains this leading position both in 1990 and 1995. In
addition, the study suggests a strategy for identifying leading areas of research in physics.
This paper seeks to provide current indicators on Indian science and technology for measuring the country’s progress in research.
The study uses for the purpose 11 years publications data on India and top 20 productive countries as drawn from the Scopus
database for the period 1996 to 2006. The study examines country performance on several measures including country publication
share in the world research output, country publication share in various subjects in the national context and in the global
context, patterns of research communication in core Indian domestic and international journals, geographical distribution
of publications, share of international collaborative papers at the national level as well as across subjects and characteristics
of high productivity institutions, scientists and cited papers. The paper also compares the similarity of Indian research
profile with top 20 productive countries. The findings of the study should be of special significance to the planners & policy-makers
as they have implications for the long term S&T planning of the country.
The study analyses 27018 research papers published by India in condensed matter physics as seen from Science Citation Index-Extended
Version (SCIE) (Web of Science) database for the period 1993–1995, 1996–1998 and 1999–2001. The study reports that condensed
matter physics is the most sought after branch in physics research in India, accounting for 20% share of the country output
in physics. The University & College sector as well as R&D sector are the major contributors to condensed matter physics.
However, the country growth in this field, computed on six yearly basis, has still been negative (−1%) compared to 17.4% country
growth in overall physics during the same period, 1993–1995 to 1999–2001. The study also maps condensed matter physics research
on other dimensions such as institutional productivity, nature of collaboration in research, and institutional specialization.
It examines highly cited papers, and lists prominent and productive scientists in this field. It also provides suggestions
for accelerating condensed matter research in India.
The paper reviews the present status of Indian physics research, in particular its nature of research system, nature of institutions
involved, type of education offered and outturn at postgraduate and Ph.D level, the extent to which extra-mural funding support
is available from various governmental R&D agencies, and the nature of professional organizations involved. The study is based
on analysis of Indian physics output, as indexed in Expanded Science Citation Index (Web of Science) during 1993–2001. The
study also discusses various features of Indian physics research such as its growth in terms of research papers, institutional
publication productivity, nature of collaboration, and the quality and impact of its research output.
The paper describes the need and importance of collaboration on scientific research. It discusses the present status of India's
collaboration with China in S&T, analyses the collaborative research between India and China, as reflected in the co-authored
papers, in particular its nature, strong and week areas and its impact in different subject fields and indicates the potential
areas in S&T for future collaboration.
Authors:R. S. Chandi, V. Kumar, A. K. Dhawan and S. Saini
Integrated pest management (IPM) strategies for the management of sucking insect pests were disseminated in 36 villages of three districts of Punjab during 2008 to 2010. Adoption of IPM strategies led to reduction in the population of jassid, whitefly and mealybug in IPM villages. Mean population of jassid was 0.62 and 1.60 nymphs per three leaves, whitefly 1.11 and 2.53 adults per three leaves and mealybug 0.53 and 1.03 per 2.5 cm of central shoot in IPM and non-IPM villages, respectively. Mean population of spiders, chrysoperla, coccinellids and predatory bugs was 0.65, 0.13, 0.15 and 0.04 in IPM villages and 0.29, 0.09, 0.06 and 0.00 per plant in non-IPM villages, respectively. IPM strategies resulted in the 47.69 and 50.56 per cent reduction in number of spray and cost of spray in IPM villages over non-IPM villages. The average cost of cultivation was Rs. 21324 ha−1 in IPM villages, as compared to non-IPM villages (Rs. 23774.67 ha−1). Average seed cotton yield in IPM villages was 2333 kg ha−1 in comparison to non-IPM villages (1959.67 kg ha−1) and average net return in IPM villages was Rs. 57194 ha−1, which was Rs. 15709 more than non-IPM villages.