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  • Author or Editor: S. Lahiri x
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Abstract  

No-carrier-added (nca) 199–201Tl has been separated from nca 199–201Pb using an environmentally friendly biocompatible polymer, poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone). The method uses no harmful chemicals and is based on the process of dialysis of PVP-Pb and PVP-Tl complexes against triple-distilled water. It has been observed after one hour of dialysis that 75–85% Tl (in both +3 and +1 oxidation states) comes out of dialysis sack without any contamination from lead.

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Abstract  

Irradiation of natural lutetium oxide target with 7Li beam results in the formation of no-carrier-added 177W radionuclide in the matrix. An efficient radiochemical procedure for the separation of no-carrier-added (nca) 177W (T 1/2 = 2.21 h) radionuclide is presented using liquid-liquid extraction (LLX). A high separation factor between nca 177W from the target Lu has been achieved with 0.1 M TOA and 8 M HCl. About 85% of 177W has been extracted in the organic phase keeping Lu in the aqueous phase in a single run. Using this production and separation method radiochemically pure 177W can be obtained. The separation has also been tried with a greener approach viz. aqueous biphasic extraction. In this case, aqueous biphasic extraction is not a good method for separation of 177W. The radionuclide 177W thus obtained can be used to study the extraction pattern of lighter homologue of the element 106 (Sg) together with Mo, which in turn is important to investigate the chemistry of Sg.

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Abstract  

No-carrier-added 93mMo radionuclide with high specific activity is a potential candidate radionuclide in the field of nuclear medicine due to its suitable half-life and gamma energy with significant intensity. In the present paper, we report the immobilization of radioisotopically and radiochemically pure no-carrier-added (nca) 93mMo onto calcium alginate biopolymer. The experiment has been performed to examine the possibility of polymeric delivery of 93mMo radionuclide by measuring the adsorption of 93mMo on calcium alginate beads. Maximum adsorption was found at pH 2.

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Abstract  

Interaction of albumin with no-carrier-added metal radionuclides was studied in multielemental environment using dialysis technique. No-carrier-added 197mHg, 199–201Tl, 199–200Pb, 204Bi and 204,205Po were produced by irradiating Au target consecutively with 7Li and 12C beams. Similarly, 61Cu, 66–68Ga, 62,63Zn, 66,67,69Ge, 71,72As and 73Se were produced by irradiating cobalt target consecutively with 16O, 7Li and 12C projectiles. These no-carrier-added radionuclides were chemically separated from the bulk target before studying their interaction with albumin. It was found that Hg and Ga strongly bind with albumin, whereas Bi, Po, As, and Se do not bind at all with albumin. The binding affinities of Pb, Tl, Cu and Zn radionuclides towards albumin are moderate.

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Abstract  

Piperine, an alkaloid derived from the fruits of Piper nigrum, has been tested as an extracting bioreagent for gold. It has been observed that piperine as well as the fruits of Piper nigrum itself can act as an efficient exchanger for gold both in trace and macro scale. The accumulation of gold by these bioreagents is highly pH dependent.

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Abstract  

99Mo and187W have been separated by reversed phase extraction chromatographic technique, using 1M TOA impregnated on kieselguhr in a column and 4N HCl, respectively, as stationary and mobile phase.

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Abstract  

Adsorption of long-lived 125Sb radioisotope (T 1/2 = 2.75 y) on alumina (Al2O3) and titania (TiO2) has been studied at different pH. Both the oxides have good adsorption capability for the 125Sb radioisotopes but the TiO2 is much superior. Adsorption kinetics of 125Sb radioisotopes on TiO2 surface and desorption of 125Sb radioisotopes from TiO2 surface in acidic and alkaline media have also been studied. The 125Sb-TiO2 phase has been subjected to γ-irradiation and found to be radiation stable against antimony release.

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Abstract  

The concept of tracer packet, which can be defined as a group of carrier-free radioactive isotopes of few elements, which have been produced together with an objective to study some particular physical, chemical or biological systems has been introduced in this paper. The tracer packet can be produced with low projectile energy (5-7 MeV/u) contrary to the multitracer technique. A thick cobalt foil has been irradiated consecutively with 16O, 7Li and 12C beams to produce the tracer packet containing carrier free radiotracers of Mn, Cu, Zn, Ga, Ge, As and Se which after removal of bulk cobalt can be used for further studies of essential micro nutrient elements.

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Summary  

Studies on adsorption behavior of heavy radionuclides, present altogether in no-carrier-added state, e.g., 197-200Pb, 197-200Tl and 197Hg, have been carried out with calcium alginate beads. High lead (100%) and moderate thallium removal (~65%) was achieved in pH range 2-7. 100% mercury removal was also achieved at pH 2 and 4. Effort has been made to recover all three radionuclides adsorbed in the calcium alginate beads using various chemicals, such as HCl, thiourea, sodium acetate, sodium oxalate and sodium nitrite. It was found that 0.1M HCl and 0.1M thiourea could remove at pH 1 80-90% of adsorbed Pb. Tl recovery was possible by all chemicals mentioned above. Hg was also recovered by all chemicals except HCl.

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