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  • Author or Editor: S. M. Tsai x
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Abstract  

The elemental composition of potato tubers from four varieties growing in an experimental field under conventional and organic conditions was investigated. Br, Co, K, Na, Rb and Zn, determined by k 0-instrumental neutron activation analysis, were used to distinguish the tubers according to the cultivation system. The difference between organic and conventional potatoes was evidenced by cluster analysis, specially using Br, Co, K and Rb.

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Summary  

The crude methanolic extracts of a single bean from samples of organic, natural or genetically modified (GM) soybeans [Glycine max. (Merrill) L.] were analyzed by direct infusion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). These extracts, containing the most polar natural products of soybeans (free aglycones, monoglucosides, diglucosides and esters including isoflavones and flavones) provide characteristic fingerprinting mass spectra owing to different proportions or sets of components. Spectra distinctiveness is confirmed by chemometric multivariate analysis of the ESI-MS data, which place the three-types of beans into well-defined groups. When ESI-MS is applied, these polar components constitute therefore unique chemotaxonomic markers able to provide fast soybean typification.

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Abstract  

Summertime urban PM2.5 was collected on cellulose filters in downtown Toronto, using a customized air sampler (635 l/min). Mass concentrations for up to 19 trace elements/ions were measured by ICP-AES, INAA and IC. Source apportionment was performed on these results including additional carbon and total mass concentrations using positive matrix factorization (PMF). PMF factors exhibited trends that indicated soil (18%), stationary (19%), secondary (48%), and vehicle (15%) sources. Potential source contribution function (PSCF) analysis identified probable sources of the stationary and secondary PM2.5 as originating from the south and southwest of Toronto.

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