Uranium(VI), (5 g) was quantitatively extracted at pH 6.0 with 0.01M cryptan-222 in chloroform in the presence of 0.05MM Eosin as the counter ion. The metal from the organic phase was stripped with 0.0M perchloric acid. Uranium(VI) from the aqueous phase was determined spectrophotometrically at 430 nm as its complex with oxine. The extraction was quantitative between pH 5.5–6.5. Nitrobenzene, chloroform and dichloromethane were the best diluents. The optimum extractant concentration was 0.01M, while that of Eosin was 0.005M. Except for perchloric acid (0.01M), other acids could not strip uranium. Uranium was separated from manganese, cadmium, lead, thallium and nickel, etc., in the multicomponent mixtures. The relative standard deviation was ±1%.
Samples of zirconium antimonate have been prepared under varying conditions of precipitation. Their properties, composition,
and ion-exchange behaviour are reported. The 1g Kd vs. pH curves are given for Rb+, Cs+, Zn2+, Ca2+ and Tl3+ ions. The distribution coefficients of 26 metal ions have been measured and several separations of analytical and radiochemical
Thermogravimetric techniques have been used to study the kinetics of thermal deamination of tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II)
sulphate. The complex was synthesized and characterized by various chemical and spectral techniques. Thermal decomposition
studies were carried at different heating rates (5, 10, 15 and 20°C min−1) in dynamic air. The complex undergoes a four-stage decomposition pattern. The stages are not well resolved. Decomposition
path can be interpreted as a two-stage deamination, and a two-stage decomposition. Reaction products at each stage were separated
and identified by means of IR and XRD. The morphology of the complex and the residue were studied by means of SEM. Final residue
of the decomposition was found to be crystalline NiO.
The deamination kinetics was studied using model-free isoconversional methods viz., Friedman, Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose
(KAS) methods. It is observed that the activation energy varies with the extent of conversion; indicating the complex nature
of the deamination reaction.
A highly efficient and an optimized synthesis of [1-14C]lauric acid with high specific activity (50 mCi/mmol) is described. [1-14C]lauric acid was prepared from [1-14C]lauronitrile, in 2 minutes with a mixture of concentrated hydrochloric acid: propionic acid (1: 2 v/v) under microwave irradiation,
in quantitative yield.
Investigations on the thermal behaviour of [Ni(en)3]C2O4·2H2O and [Ni(en)3]SO4 have been carried out in air and helium atmosphere. Simultaneous TG/DTA coupled online with mass spectroscopy (MS) in helium atmosphere detected the presence of H2, O, CO, N2/CH2=CH2 and CO2 fragments during the decomposition of tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) oxalate and H2, O, NH, NH2, NH3 and N2/CH2=CH2 fragments for tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) sulphate complex. The thermal events during the decomposition were monitored by temperature-resolved X-ray diffraction. In air, both the complexes give nickel oxide as the final product of the decomposition. In helium atmosphere, tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) oxalate gives nickel as the residue, whereas tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) sulphate gives a mixture of nickel and nickel sulphide phases as the final residue. Kinetic analyses of these complexes by isoconversional methods are discussed and compared.
Thermal behaviour of nickel amine complexes containing SO42−, NO3−, Cl− and Br− as counter ions and ammonia and ethylenediamine as ligands have been investigated using simultaneous TG/DTA coupled with mass spectroscopy (TG/DTA–MS). Evolved gas analyses detected various transient intermediates during thermal decomposition. The nickel ammonium sulphate complex produces NH, N, S, O and N2 species. The nickel ammonium nitrate complex generated fragments like N, N2, NO, O2, N2O, NH2 and NH. The halide complexes produce NH2, NH, N2 and H2 species during decomposition. The ligand ethylenediamine is fragmented as N2/C2H4, NH3 and H2. The residue hexaamminenickel(II) sulphate produces NiO with crystallite size 50 nm. Hexaammine and tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) nitrate produce NiO in the range 25.5 nm and 23 nm, respectively. The halide complexes produce nano sized metallic nickel (20 nm) as the residue. Among the complexes studied, the nitrate containing complexes undergo simultaneous oxidation and reduction.
Thermal behaviour of hexaamminenickel(II) nitrate and tris(ethylenediamine)nickel(II) nitrate have been investigated by means of simultaneous thermogravimetry/DTA coupled online with mass spectral (MS) studies and temperature resolved X-ray diffraction (TR-XRD) techniques under inert atmospheric condition. Both the complexes produce highly exothermic reactions during heating due to the oxidation of the evolved ammonia or ethylenediamine by the decomposition products of Ni(NO3)2. Evolved gas analysis by MS studies detected fragments like NH2 and NH ions with weak intensity. The decomposition of nitrate group generates N, N2, NO, O2 and N2O species. Ethylenediamine (m/z 60) is fragmented to H2 (m/z 2), N (m/z 14), NH3 (m/z 17) and CH2=CH2/N2 (m/z 28) species. The formation of the intermediates was monitored by in situ TR-XRD. The residue of thermal decomposition for both the complexes was found to be crystalline NiO in the nano range.
Detailed investigation on the thermal behaviour of hexaamminenickel(II) chloride and hexaamminenickel(II) bromide has been carried out by means of simultaneous TG/DTA coupled online with mass spectroscopy (TG-MS) and temperature-resolved X-ray diffraction (TR-XRD). Evolved gas analyses by TG-MS revealed the presence of NH2, NH, N2 and H2 fragments in addition to ammonia during the deamination process. These transient species resulted due to the fragmentation of the evolved ammonia during pyrolysis. The intermediates formed during the thermal deamination stages were monitored by in situ TR-XRD. The final product of the decomposition was found to be nano size metallic nickel in both cases. Morphology of the complexes, intermediates and the residue formed at various decomposition stages was analysed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). Kinetic analyses using isoconversional method for deamination and dehalogenation reaction show that the activation energies vary with the extent of conversion, indicating the multi-step nature of these solid state decomposition reactions.
An attempt has been made to assign empirical formulae and possible ion exchange site for the antimonates of Zr(IV), Sn(IV)
and Cr(III). On the basis of analytical data, exchange capacity, infra-red and thermoanalytical investigations these ion exchangers
have the compositions as: ZrO2·0.5 Sb2O5·5.1 H2O, SnO2·2.5 Sb2O5·15 H2O and Cr2O3·5Sb2O5·31 H2O. Water molecules shown is the total water present which includes both water of constitution and water of crystallization.
The H+ attached to anionic part of the exchanger, i.e., Sb−OH is the possible site for cation exchange. However, the general shape
of curves in McKay Plot and the dependence of Kd values on the concentration of metal ions in solution at constant pH suggest
more than single possible exchange site.
Deoxyadenosine-5'-monophosphite was treated with excess of trimethylsilyl chloride. One equivalent of trimethylsilyl chloride treated phosphite in pyridine and one equivalent of elemental 35S in toluene solution (specific activity > 1000 Ci/mmol) were stirred together with gradual removal of solvents under vacuum, over a period of one hour, to give deoxyadenosine-5'-(35S)-thiomonophosphate [dAMP(35S)] in high yields.