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  • Author or Editor: S. Misra x
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Abstract  

Complexation aided ultrafiltration (CAUF) is an attractive separation process for the removal of trace toxic elements from effluents at low pressures. Freshly prepared polysulfone, polyamide, polyamide hydrazide and polyvinyl butyral blended cellulose acetate membranes are studied with respect to the separation behavior for radioactive cerium tracer in the presence of polyethyleneimine. The effect of polymer loading and pH of the feed system are investigated.

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Abstract  

This paper presents a simple, rapid and sensitive radiometric method for the determination of uranium in Thorex Process stream containing large amount of thorium. This method involves the extraction of uranium into 0.05M tri-n-octyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) in xylene at 2M HNO3. The extraction of thorium is prevented by masking them with suitable quantity of fluoride ions. The optimum experimental parameters for extraction of 233U were evaluated and using the most suitable experimental conditions the extracted uranium is radiometrically determined by α-counting in proportional counter with a prior knowledge of specific activity of uranium. Simultaneously in the same sample uranium was determined by spectrophotometric method using 2-(5bromo-2 pyridylazo)-5-diethylaminophenol (Bromo-PADAP) as chromogenic reagents. Simulated as well as actual samples of dissolver, conditioner and raffinate tank of Thorex stream have been analyzed by both these methods. The method was tested for as low as 0.15 μg of uranium and the results of these analyses were found to be satisfactory within the experimental limits.

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Abstract  

14-MeV neutron activation has been used for the determination of F, Al, Si, P, K, Mn, Mo and W in minerals and steel. Most of these elements have been estimated simultaneously through gamma-ray spectrometry. The evaluation of the effects of interferences is discussed and the sensitivities are given. The main features of the neutron generator fabricated in this Centre and used in this work are briefly described.

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Ten dicoccum wheats were analyzed for their physico-biochemical and milling properties to evaluate the pasta making potential. Dicoccums showed higher protein content and mixograph midline peak values compared to durum variety MACS2846. Mixographic properties of dicoccums were poor compared to durums, due to lower functional visco elastic gluten content. Dicoccums were poorer in milling properties compared to durums, due to lower test weight and thousand-grain weight. Among dicoccums, DDK 1025 showed high micro SDS sedimentation volume and strong mixographic properties, but values were still lesser compared to durum MACS 2846. HMW glutenin subunits in recently developed/released dicoccums were similar to durum parents and were different from the older dicoccums. LMW glutenin subunits, however, were similar to dicoccum parents, except in DDK 1025 which showed LMW glutenin subunits similar to durum wheat. To breed high quality dicoccum wheat for pasta products, breeders should select superior glutenin subunits composition, along with better mixograph properties, keeping morpho-botanical characteristics of dicoccum wheat.

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Abstract  

2-Ethylhexyl-2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid (PC-88A) and Tributylphosphate (TBP) extractants have been attached to polypropylene (PP) in granular, film and non-woven fabric forms, by a simultaneous γ-ray irradiation method. The extraction of plutonium from the acidic radioactive liquid waste by modified polymers was studied by varying the γ-ray dose. The uptake of plutonium was also studied by polyethylene (PE) in film form. This modified polymer also showed extraction capability for plutonium from nitric acid medium. The uptake of plutonium depends upon the γ-ray dose as well as the nature and source of the polymer. Liquid–solid extraction studies showed that the equivalent amount of uptake of plutonium on TBP–polyethylene film requires twice the γ-ray dose as compare to TBP–polypropylene film. It was observed that at given γ-ray dose polypropylene fabric is not sturdy, compare to the granules and films, and material leach out in aqueous phase. The presence of other solvents like di-methyl formamide (DMF) and cyclohexane during γ-ray irradiation were able to enhance the extraction capabilities. The optimum conditions established during this study was successfully applied for the separation of plutonium, uranium and thorium from the fission products in acidic waste solution.

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Abstract  

Silica-gel has been used as an inert support for the extraction chromatographic separation of actinides and lanthanides from HNO3 and synthetic high level waste (HLW) solutions. Silica-gel was impregnated with tri-butyl phosphate (TBP), to yield STBP; 2-ethylhexyl phosphonic acid, mono 2-ethylhexyl ester (KSM-17, equivalent to PC-88A), SKSM; octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutyl carbamoylmethylphosphine oxide (CMPO), SCMPO; and trialkylphosphine oxide (Cyanex-923), SCYN and sorption of Pu(IV), Am(III) and Eu(III) from HNO3 solutions was studied batchwise. Several parameters, like time of equilibration, HNO3 and Pu(IV) concentrations were varied. The uptake of Pu(IV) from 3.0M HNO3 followed the order SCMPO>SCYN>SKSM>STBP. With increasing HNO3 concentration, D Pu increased up to 3.0M of HNO3 for STBP, SKSM and SCMPO and then decreased. In the case of Am and Eu with SCMPO, the D values initially increased between 0.5 to 1.0M of HNO3, remained constant up to 5.0M and then slightly decreased at 7.5M. Also, the effects of NaNO3, Nd(III) and U(VI) concentrations on the uptake of Am(III) from HNO3 solutions were evaluated. With increasing NaNO3 concentration up to 3.0M, D Am remained almost constant while it was observed that it decreases drastically by adding Nd(III) or U(VI). The uptake of Pu and Am from synthetic pressurized heavy water reactor high level waste (PHWR-HLW) in presence of high concentrations of uranium and after depleting the uranium content, and finally extraction chromatographic column separation of Pu and Am from U-depleted synthetic PHWR-HLW have been carried out. Using SCMPO, high sorption of Pu, Am and U was obtained from the U-depleted HLW solution. These metal ions were subsequently eluted using various reagents. The sorption results of the metal ions on silica-gel impregnated with several phosphorus based extractants have been compared. The uptake of Am, Pu and rare earths by SCMPO has been compared with those where CMPO was sorbed on Chromosorb-102, Amberchrom CG-71 and styrene divinylbenzene copolymer immobilized in porous silica particles.

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